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Drought In Morocco (With Sources!)Problem Analysis Of Drought In Morocco

1015 words - 4 pages

Drought in MoroccoDuring the last decade, Morocco, like most the other African countries, have known the succession of many years of drought. "Drought is the consequence of a natural reduction in the amount of precipitation received over an extended period of time, usually a season or more in length, although other climatic factors (such as high temperatures, high winds, and low relative humidity) are often associated with it in many regions of the world and can significantly aggravate the severity of the event" (Wilhite 4). This phenomenon is dangerous and has bad effects in the long term. In deed, drought in Morocco has bad social and economic impacts.In Morocco, the climatic factors provoke mainly drought. The fist factor, which is the decrease in the amount of rains, causes directly drought. The Statistics shows that the amount of rain in the last decade has decreased with a big rate. Because most of the agriculture in Morocco depends on precipitation, farmers during dry years find a big difficulty to irrigate their lands. In addition, the success of dry years participates in the existence and development of drought. Morocco has experienced 6 years of drought in the last decade. As stated by the Panafrican News Agency "Morocco, which is experiencing insufficient and irregular rainfall, has been hit by a structural drought for several years now."(1) Moreover, the causes can include the problem of desertification in the south which affects a lot of agricultural mainland and the problem of hot wind "shargi" which comes from the grand Sahara in Africa.Another factor that probably causes drought in Morocco is the waste of water. People don't care about water, they think that it is a just a product that they have the opportunity to waste it because they paid for it. This problem comes from to the unconsciousness of society; they know that now and in the future the amount of water in the world is decreasing and that scientists predict that the future war would be taking place because of water. The other thing that participate in the waste of water in Morocco is that there is no a strategy to recycle the used water. We notice that the water used especially in the big cities is not treated and reused; all of it is thrown in the sea.Drought affects many sectors and groups, that why it's hard to know exactly the rate of damage of all sectors, and it's also difficult to determine the amount of money needed to fight it (Wilhite 9). "Poor rains are this season threatening Morocco's agriculture, on which the kingdom depends for 20 per cent of its GDP. In the Chaouia plains of central Morocco considered the kingdom's breadbasket, 53 000 hectares of planted cropland, have been ruined by poor rainfall."(Panafrican News Agency 1) From this, we can conclude that drought causes a fall in agricultural products because there exists a reduced productivity of rangeland. As a result, this fall provokes an increase in the prices of foods especially vegetables and...

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