Good Morning to the respected chairman sir, all the teachers and my dear friends present here. I ………………….. of Std …. behalf of Wisdom house is going to talk for the topic on Drought effects in India.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in its water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water. A drought can last for months or years, or may be declared after as few as 15 d,ays. It can have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region and harm to the local economy. Periods of heat can significantly worsen drought conditions by hastening evaporation of water vapor.
Drought in India has resulted in millions of deaths over the course of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the climate of India, in some parts of India, the failure of the monsoons result in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields. This is particularly true of major drought-prone regions such as southern and eastern Maharashtra, northern Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Gujarat, Telangana and Rajasthan.
Maharashtra state was in news for the last year as it faced the draught situation which was at its maximum. Even all farmers were facing the same and the water issue was not only spread in the rural areas but also in urban areas too. There are 36 districts in Maharashtra and out of them 21 were facing drought situation from many years. The government is taking some serious actions to implement some changes so that people can actually get rid of this problem. Farmers are also getting packages to solve their issues and in compensation to their dried crops. There are many other states too which are facing drought situations too such as West Bengal, Haryana, Gujarat and Bihar. Government is always taking some serious initiatives with the help of some private firms to offer what the people are looking for.
The impact of droughts in India can be summed up as
Impact on Agriculture
Social and Economic Impact
Talking about the Impact on Agriculture we can say that Indian agriculture still largely depends upon monsoon rainfall where about two-thirds of the arable land lack irrigation facilities and is termed as rainfed. The effect is manifested in the shortfalls of agricultural production in drought years. History is replete with examples of serious shortfall in cultivated areas and drop in agricultural productivity.
Severe shortage of food-grains had been felt and the country had to resort to import of food-grains to save the poor people from hunger and starvation. However, India has been able to build a buffer stock of food–grains.
It is worth mentioning here that the shortfall in agricultural production may be the direct impact of meteorological droughts but the succeeding hydrological and agricultural droughts have a long range and far reaching impact on agriculture. This impact may be in the form of...