Drug Abuse Essay

1379 words - 6 pages

Drug Abuse

     Drug Abuse is generally defined as the use of a drug with such frequency
that the user has physical or mental harm or it impairs social abilities. The
substances that are discussed in this report are called psychoactive drugs;
those drugs that influence or alter the workings of the mind, affect moods,
emotions, feelings, and thinking processes.

Drug Dependence/Addiction

     There are three basic characteristics that indicate that the user is
dependent on a drug. First, the user continues to use the drug for an extended
period of time. Second, the user finds it difficult to stop using the drug. They
may drop out of school, steal, go to jail, lose their jobs, or leave their
families in order to keep using. Finally, the user has withdrawal symptoms when
drug use is stopped. They may undergo physical pain or mental distress.
The drug mimics a natural process in the brain called neurotransmission.
This is when a brain cell releases a signal to another brain cell. The signal
then returns to the first brain cell. The signal is called a neurotransmitter.
One major neurotransmitter is called dopamine, which is involved in feelings of
pleasure. When the drug is released into the brain, it blocks the dopamine from
returning to the first brain cell. Repeated use changes the brain cells so that
normal messages can't be sent between brain cells. The drug must always be
present in order for neurotransmissions to take place. The user is only able to
feel pleasure from the cocaine rather than the things he/she used to find
pleasurable. This is called drug addiction or dependence.

Drug Classification

Drugs are generally categorized into two groups, stimulants and
depressants. Stimulants are drugs that speed up signals through the nervous
system. They produce alertness, arousal and excitability. They also inhibit
fatigue and sleep. They include the amphetamines, such as cocaine, caffeine, and
nicotine. Depressants slow down the signals through the nervous system. They
produce relaxation, lowering of anxiety, drowsiness, and sleep. They include
sedatives (such as barbiturates, alcohol, and tranquilizers) and narcotics
(heroin, morphine, opium, codeine), which dull the mind's perception of pain.
     Some drugs are not included in the stimulant/depressant categories. An
example is the hallucinogens, such as PCP and LSD, which produce unusual mental
states such as psychedelic visions. Also, marijuana is not generally regarded as
belonging to any one of these categories.

Effects of Drugs

     There are four basic stages that the drug user goes through. In stage
one, there are no outward behavioral changes caused by the use of drugs. The
drug use is considered normal. In stage two, the user actively seeks the
euphoric effects of the drug by using it more frequently. A reliable source of
the drug is established. The user may add mid-week use rather than only on
weekends or at parties. In younger...

Find Another Essay On Drug Abuse

Drug Abuse Essay

1297 words - 5 pages Drug Abuse      After reviewing the case study provided it is very evident that Matt has a substance abuse problem. He is a college student who is struggling to find a sense of belonging. He spends a great deal of time alone worrying about the financial burden he is placing on his family. His mother currently reported concern with Matt’s drinking habits, because her husband is a recovering alcoholic. His friends and roommate are suspicious...

Drug Abuse in Nigeria Essay

1763 words - 7 pages Drug Abuse in Nigeria Today, you only have to switch on your television, radio or open a newspaper or magazine to be aware that the structure of our society is being contaminated by the growing evil plague of drug abuse. Drug abuse, is one of the major problems in the Nigerian society. Actually, almost every country faces such problem today. A lot of measures are taken to struggle against drug abuse, and, definitely, some...

Prescription Drug Abuse

1334 words - 5 pages Prescription drug abuse has become increasingly prevalent among teens in the county. There has been an increase in the abuse of prescription drugs for a number of reasons. Some individuals who misuse prescription drugs believe they are safer than other illicit drugs because they are prescribed by a healthcare professional and dispensed by a pharmacist. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has classified this prescription drug abuse as...

Drug Abuse: Pay Attention

1350 words - 5 pages Drug use is a controversial issue where different people have different opinions. It varies from individual to individual, from society to a way of life, and from legal to illegal. Drugs become abused whether they are recreational, narcotics or alcohol. When we talk about the misuse of substances and how they are used for the wrong reason without regulations that put the person at risk without taking that into account. It is like gambling...

Drug Abuse in America

2011 words - 8 pages Use of drugs by early adolescents is increasing by the minute. Approximately 12.8 million Americans twelve and older use illegal drugs daily. Adolescents seem to abuse drugs more than any other age group. Ninety percent of Americans who have used illegal drugs have used marijuana or hashish. Society says drugs are evil and that they can turn a person into a rapist or murderer. America happens to be the most drug-aware and drug-experienced society...

drug abuse and addiction

639 words - 3 pages 1Drug Abuse and Addiction"Road accident! Four killed! Driver under influence of alcohol!" "Boy killed father for not giving him money!"These are the headlines that often hit the newspaper. These are mainly due to drug abuse and addiction. Many people think this is none of their concern and that their family members are smart enough not to become addicted to drugs. However, this is not true. Any person at any age can indulge in drug abuse.Drugs...

Teenage Drug Abuse

1430 words - 6 pages What is the Problem?How should the issue of teenage drug abuse be handled? Prescription drugs are very popular amongst teenagers. Some teenagers have been known to abuse prescriptions drugs and possibly become addicted to them at a very early age. Some teens have turned to drugs for various reasons which may include peer pressure, family relationships, or sometimes wanting to relieve themselves of stress. There is no real answer to explain...

Drug Abuse and Crime

2350 words - 9 pages Drug Abuse & Crime When I was brainstorming about my term paper topic I came up with an interesting topic which is Drug Abuse & Crime. I thought it was imperative to learn about how drug abuse affects the crime rates in America. I will be discussing other subjects such as how many criminals are actually under the influence of a drug when committing a crime including illicit and licit drugs. Additionally, I will be discussing what drugs the...

Drug abuse in Canada

1768 words - 7 pages Drug abuse in Canada is a major problem, especially among teenagers. Drugs have hurt the lives of nearly 40 percent of all teenagers in Canada. Either with health problems, DWIs, highway crashes, arrests, impaired school and job performance. These drugs that teenagers use range from Alcohol, LSD, Marijuana, and even Cigarettes. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. In 2001, it was used by 76 percent of current illicit drug users. The...

Drug and Alcohol Abuse

1114 words - 4 pages Alcohol abuse is a serious problem, driving while drunk or under the influence of drugs is an even bigger problem that shouldn’t be taken lightly. Abusing either one of these substances can lead to the death of you or the death of someone else or even cause a major change in their life like Jacqueline’s story, her whole life has been changed because of another person’s ignorance and carelessness. Therefore, you should know the facts about drug...

Pharmaceutical Drug Abuse

1420 words - 6 pages Pharmaceutical drugs are necessary in today’s society but if they fall into the wrong hands they can become fatal. Almost every family has prescription drugs in their home. Anyone can access them if they are not monitored. Teenagers will get random pills, get together with friends, take a handful and see what it does to them. This can become dangerous because they can overdose, take the wrong combination or die. Even though they are here to...

Similar Essays

Drug Abuse Essay

4031 words - 16 pages Drug Abuse The term drug abuse most often refers to the use of a drug with such frequency that it causes physical or mental harm to the user or impairs social functioning. Although the term seems to imply that users abuse the drugs they take, in fact, it is themselves or others they abuse by using drugs. ...

Drug Abuse Essay

1254 words - 5 pages Drug abuse dates as far back as the Biblical era, so it is not a new phenomenon. “The emotional and social damage and the devastation linked to drugs and their use is immeasurable.” The ripple of subversive and detrimental consequences from alcoholism, drug addictions, and addictive behavior is appalling. Among the long list of effects is lost productivity, anxiety, depression, increased crime rate, probable incarceration, frequent illness, and...

Drug Abuse Essay

1590 words - 6 pages Drug Abuse         Drug Abuse is generally defined as the use of a drug with such frequency that the user has physical or mental harm or it impairs social abilities. The substances that are discussed in this report are called psychoactive drugs; those drugs that influence or alter the workings of the mind, affect moods, emotions, feelings, and thinking processes. Drug Dependence/Addiction         There are three basic...

Drug Abuse Essay

1136 words - 5 pages Nowadays drugs are one of the leading causes of death among humanism, especially teenagers. Drug is any substance other than food, intended for use in diagnosis in human or other animals. According to this definition, drugs can be used as long as purposes mentioned in the above definition are fulfilled. Unfortunately, today drugs are abused. Some people often take these drugs as well as to 'relief' pain, anxiety, frustration, boredom, anger,...