This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Drug Abuse And The Theories Behind Addiction

1099 words - 5 pages

The multi-causal model of drug abuse takes into account social and individual causes of addiction, both distant and immediate, that lead to a disposition to using drugs, drug use and the social and individual consequences. Why a person becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol is different for everyone. Some are genetically predisposed, some learn it from their environment (i.e. family or friends), and still others use it to avoid a trauma they have experienced. The case history describes a client that had both social and individual causes for her alcohol use and subsequent dependence.
From the individual perspective, the client was a victim of child abuse, which led to feelings of fear and ...view middle of the document...

Biological theories focus mainly on neurobiology and genetic theories. Lastly, socio-cultural theories include supracultural theories, culture-specific theories and subcultural theories.
Cognitive-behavioral theories propose several reasons for drug use such as the desire for variety, pleasure, and avoidance. The client represented by the case history appears to have been motivated mostly by the latter due to being a victim of child abuse. Studies show a strong link between traumatic events and resulting substance use. This is supported by her admission that “alcohol made the fear and sadness vanish”. The use of alcohol to enhance pleasure is demonstrated by her descriptions of invincibility, and warmth. According to this theory and similar to what is seen in the model of drug abuse, the consistent practice of drinking alcohol to find pleasure or avoid emotions will result in the brain’s adaptation to the substance. This will result in higher levels of tolerance and increased need. Learning theory is similar to cognitive-behavioral theory, but is specific to the learned behavior of replacing unwanted psychological states with the feelings resulting from substance use. For example, this client learned that everything was fine, or at least felt right, as long as they were intoxicated.
One view of psychodynamic theories associated alcoholism with ego deficiencies, assuming that alcohol provided a sense of security that was missing in their childhood due to poor parenting and weak attachments. Specific to this client, she states feeling like a “square peg, trying to fit into a round hole”. She was a victim of child abuse but the case history does not specify at the hands of whom. If it is assumed that her parents abused her it could support the lack of security this theory suggests, as does the rebellion and lack of attachment to her mother later in life. Other views of psychodynamic theories associate alcoholism with hostility, homosexuality, and an oral fixation among others.
Personality theories are closely tied to psychodynamic theories. They are based on the notion that personality traits predispose a person to alcohol use. There is little evidence that this is the case. However there is evidence that personality factors, such as impulsive behavior, nonconformist views, deviant and anti-social behavior and stress,...

Find Another Essay On Drug Abuse and The Theories Behind Addiction

Drug Abuse and the FDA Essay

827 words - 3 pages Drug abuse is generally defined as the use of a drug with such frequency that the user has physical or mental harm or it impairs social abilities. Drugs are used as pain killers to avert physical and/or emotional pain by providing the user with a temporary escape from life’s realities. Even though, they cause different, more serious problems with only a short escape from life’s agonies. There are five different classifications (schedules

Behind the Internet Addiction Essay

1094 words - 4 pages consequences of not being able to follow directions and also of being inpatient in the things they have to do. Teens addicted to being in constant navigation of the Internet only think about finding the chance of logging in and streaming the web. The teens, mainly students, have the tendency of using their cell phones during class time which prevents them from focusing on the lecture and for that they tend to fall behind. In the essay, Lewin

The Relationship of Drug Abuse and Depression

700 words - 3 pages What is the relationship between drug abuse and depression? It has become a very common practice in cultures the use of drugs, especially alcohol, for various purposes, from celebrations to sorrows. Drug use, have an effect on those who consume, they tend to feel relief during consumption. However, the abuse of these substances can have negative long-term effects for human health, including a strong addiction that ends in severe cases of

Drug and Alcohol Abuse

1114 words - 4 pages and alcohol abuse before you do something you may regret for the rest of your life. According TO NIDA FOR TEENS: THE SCIENCE BEHIND DRUG ABUSE, drugs are chemicals or substances that change the way our bodies work. Drugs find their way into your bloodstream, whether you ingest, inhale or inject them, they are then transported to parts of your brain. Weighing about three pounds, the brain is made of many parts that all work together as a team

Drug Abuse and Crime

2350 words - 9 pages individual is under the influence of drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and crack people often suffer from many symptoms such as pharmacological effects, cardiovascular effects, and central nervous system effects (cited in, Hanson 2009, p. 269-270). One statement about the link between cocaine and crime has really astounded me and contributes to my concerns about drug abuse and crime. The author of the article (Cocaine Abuse and Addiction, Crime

Fame And Drug Abuse

1173 words - 5 pages hide her drug addiction and wants no one to know about it,: thats kind of hard when she is so promenently in the public eye.Amy Winehouse so obviously flaunts her drug abuse that we can only assume she’s actually trying to promote it. The amout of drugs this woman consumes is astronimacal and it has to stop.In one of Amy's songs Rehab its says "they tried to make me go to rehab but I said no,no,no", This is actually quite strange because she

Drug abuse and Pregnancy

928 words - 4 pages Carolina Supreme Court became the first (and remains the only) state supreme court to issue such a ruling. This decision opened up the flood gates for law enforcement agencies to arrest and prosecute pregnant women for child abuse, child neglect, and homicide who has or had a drug abuse or alcohol dependency during pregnancy.So the big question is, "Do arresting pregnant women for using drugs promote the health of mothers or children?" Depending on

Alcohol and Drug Abuse

1345 words - 5 pages Alcohol and Drug Abuse      Alcohol and drug abuse is one of biggest problems in United States today. It is not only a personal problem that dramatically affects individuals' lives, but is a major social problem that affects society as whole. "Drug and alcohol abuse", these phrases we hear daily on the radio, television or in discussions of social problem. But what do they mean or what do we think and understand by it? Most of us don't

The Evil of Drug Addiction

521 words - 2 pages consumption of them in large quantities will lead to dependency and addiction. Continued addiction upsets the digestive system, especially the liver, leading eventually to death. Drugs also affect the nervous system, especially the brain which controls the voluntary action. So a man under the influence of a drug in unable to walk properly, and he staggers. Id deadens the senses, so he does not know what he does or speaks. Very often, under the

Drug Abuse and Mental Health

1188 words - 5 pages disengage the interacting effects of substance abuse and the mental illness. It may also be difficult for substance abusers to be accommodated at home and it may not be tolerated in the community of residents of rehabilitation programs. The author states, that they end up losing their support systems and suffer frequent relapses and hospitalizations (Agnes B. Hatfield, 1993). Furthermore, mental illness and drug addiction are conditions that

Drug Abuse and its dangers

877 words - 4 pages The subject of drug abuse can be difficult for most. Many people struggle with drug abuse and know someone that is fighting addiction or dependency. Many people who know someone try to help them but sometimes the user is afraid of withdrawals because they know that they have to go through stages that can be harmful or vehement. There are many places that can treat people for drug abuse and they can help them recover and change their way

Similar Essays

Drug Abuse And Addiction Essay

639 words - 3 pages 1Drug Abuse and Addiction"Road accident! Four killed! Driver under influence of alcohol!" "Boy killed father for not giving him money!"These are the headlines that often hit the newspaper. These are mainly due to drug abuse and addiction. Many people think this is none of their concern and that their family members are smart enough not to become addicted to drugs. However, this is not true. Any person at any age can indulge in drug abuse.Drugs

Drug Abuse And Addiction Essay

1456 words - 6 pages Drug addiction has become a very destructive element in our society. So when does the social use of a drug become an abuse? The effects of drugs depend on whether they are used moderately or abused. Almost no one ever starts using with the intentions of becoming 'hooked'. Addiction may be defined as the continuing, compulsive nature of a drug despite physical and/or psychological harm to the user and those around them. Addictive drugs are

Effects Of Drug Abuse And Addiction

952 words - 4 pages themselves, and are physically unable to change it without extreme dedication and willingness. Drug abuse and addiction leads to major problems physically, mentally, and emotionally. First, drug abuse and addiction causes major problems physically. Changes in how you look and act towards everyday events can happen drastically. It is noticeable in all kinds of ways. For example, a persons appetite or sleep patterns may be the first sign of

Cure For Heroin Abuse And Danger Behind Addiction

1091 words - 5 pages Recently, the second day of February 2014, one of America’s favorite actors Phillip Seymour Hoffman, was found dead on the bathroom floor of his apartment. He was found with needle in his arm—which inside was a mixture of heroin and other drugs. He was supposed to go pick up his kids, but so addicted, got caught up doing drugs instead, then lost his life. Imagine a father who died due to drug abuse, leaving behind distressed children; it’s the