Drug Abuse of Hallucinogens Essay

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Commonly known Hallucinogen drugs are LSD, also known as acid or mellow yellow; PCP, also known as angel dust, tic tac, super grass, or rocket fuel; Psilocybin also known as “shrooms” or magic mushrooms; DMT; and Peyote. Hallucinogen drugs alter human perception and mood by changing the user’s sense of reality. Effects of hallucinogenic drug abuse are unpredictable and the intensity varies on the dose amount. Common effects of abuse include an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, feelings of detachment from self and surroundings, nausea, vomiting, panic reactions, delusions, blurred vision, dizziness, and hallucinations (Drug-rehabilitation). “According to a study published in the Journal of Substance Abuse, 36 percent of Southern California high school students surveyed thought they were at risk for drug abuse or alcohol addiction” (Newport Academy).
Hallucinogen drugs are the oldest known drugs and were originally used in medical and religious practices. These drugs are usually found in plants, fungi, and mushrooms. LSD was discovered in 1938; manufactured from a fungus named ergot found on rye and other grains (Teen Challenge). PCP was developed in the 1950s and originally used as an anesthetic but was discontinued due to serious adverse effects in 1965 (Teen Challenge). Psilocybin is found in certain mushroom; indigenous to tropical and subtropical regions of Southern America, Mexico, and the U.S. (Teen Challenge). For centuries, Peyote would be used for religious ceremonies by natives in northern Mexico and southwestern U.S. (Teen Challenge).
“According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), there were approximately 1.1 million persons aged 12 or older in 2007 who reported using hallucinogens for the first time within the past 12 months” (Teen Challenge). Each hallucinogen drug are consumed differently resulting in different effects in different people at different times. LSD is usually taken orally in the form of pills or sometimes a liquid; added to absorbent paper which is equivalent to one dose, lasting about 12 hours (Teen Challenge). PCP have a distinctive bitter taste and can be in the form of pills or different colored crystalline powders that can be snorted, smoked or orally ingested; depending on the form of digestion and dose, effect usually last between 4-6 hours (Teen Challenge). Psilocybin are “mushrooms usually available fresh or dried, typically taken orally,” (Teen Challenge) and is biologically active. The chemicals in Psilocybin to get high do not diminish when frozen or cooked; sometimes brewed as tea or added to food and the effects usually appear within 20 minutes of ingestion and last 6 hours (Teen Challenge). Peyote is a cacti which the top - referred to as the crown is cut from the roots and dried up, usually chewed or soaked in water to produce an intoxicating liquid; sometimes prepared into a tea by boiling the cacti for several hours to mask its bitter taste and have 0.3-0.5 grams of...

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