Drug Free Workplace Evaluation Essay

1264 words - 5 pages

AbstractIllegal drugs have been a part of the American society for centuries and continue to be a burden for today's economy. Each year the government allots billions of dollars towards educating and treating individuals who suffer from substance abuse yet the numbers continue to increase. Healthcare premiums reflect the medical arenas stance on substance abuse by raising their premiums for coverage. Insurance companies are hesitant in insuring individuals who abuse illegal drugs because they are high risk for coverage. Offices such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has created a list of illegal substances based on their effects of usage to warn the public of the dangers associated with using illegal drugs yet certain states allow critically ill patients to use marijuana which has the most addictive qualities sending a controversial message throughout society.Drug-Free Workplace EvaluationSubstance abuse is no longer for the rich and the famous and is available to anyone willing to pay the right price. A widespread epidemic, which keeps the government funding programs geared at educating the public, incorporate treatment programs, and various agencies to crack down on substance abuse. The results of their efforts are increased numbers of substance abusers based on the number of arrestees who were not successful in passing a drug test, higher medical bills and premiums, and new and improved substances available for purchasing.The same government, which urges society against using illegal substances, also approves the use of illegal substances to treat patients with serious medical conditions. This paper will examine the past and current trends of drug abuse in the United States, the American cultures that encourage and support the use of illegal drugs, and the health risk associated with using and abusing illegal substances.Past Abusive TrendsDuring the earlier centuries Greeks, Arabians, Romans, and Egyptians used illegal substances because of the effects of the drugs. Back then, doctors prescribed the drugs to their rich patients unaware of the side effects of short and long-term use. One particular drug of choice was Laudanum that consisting of a mixture of opium and alcohol. Reports showed that famous individuals such as "Thomas Dequincy was known for his addictive behaviors to the substance.The nineteenth century introduced opium as the drug of choice, and later changed to morphine once Friedrich Serturner isolated the primary ingredient (Carroll, 2000, p. 131)The new creation was used to treat pain and diarrhea and quickly became an abusive substance when the "hypodermic syringe was used almost 50 years later." Heroin replaced morphine in 1898 and became an addictive drug of choice, which was not the intended purpose. Bayer Company created a new drug intended whose purpose was painkillers. The ongoing concerns of drug abuse enabled the foundation for the "Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906 which mandated that drug companies had to...

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