Drug Testing Essay

1177 words - 5 pages

Against Drug Testing of Student AthletesNothing in the Constitution allows random urinalysis testing for students participating in interscholastic athletics. Such testing of students has not been proven beneficial to the students or the sports programs. More and more schools are testing student athletes for drug use, and so far, they are divided on the question of when and why schools may test student athletes for drugs. Laws vary from state to state, in part because some state constitutions provide more protection than others do for students' privacy rights (ACLU, 2003). The issue of drug testing has caused a national debate that still persists. The debate hinges on the U.S. Fourth Amendment prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure.The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects against unreasonable searches and seizures. "The Court set out a three-part test that took into consideration (1) the student's expectation of privacy, (2) the nature of the drug test, and (3) the school's interest or reasons for instituting drug testing" (U.M-KC). The Indiana Court of Appeals struck down a school policy of performing drug tests on students participating in athletics and other extracurricular activities (ACLU). The court decided to replace the drug-testing policy with a responsible system of parental notification. The board promises to make the schools a more nurturing place and to return a measure of authority over students to parents, with whom it rightly belongs. Now, school officials who suspect a student of drug abuse will contact the student's parents about the concerns, leaving it to the parents to decide if the student should be tested for drugs or treated medically. Other states such as New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, and Washington have also decided to use this method (ACLU).Drug testing gives students an incentive to say "no" not to drugs but rather to extracurricular activities (DPA. 2002). Drug testing can be embarrassing and intrusive for students, leading to fewer students becoming involved in athletics. Sports in many cases have a positive impact on students. Students at risk of taking drugs might be discouraged from participating in extra-curricular activities which could have a positive impact on the students' lives. However, if any students are using drugs, they are much less likely to fall deeper into drug addiction and much more likely to quit altogether if they are participating in activities and socializing with other students who are not using drugs. Many studies have shown that an interest in activities is a potent anti-drug, and that having no interests often causes kids to turn to drugs (America). "For the youth who are already engaged in extra-curricular activities, drug testing may make them feel guilty and mistrusted as if they have done something wrong" (DPA, 2002)."Drug testing cannot reliably detect the use or abuse of alcohol, the drug most frequently abused by teenagers and most commonly...

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