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Drug Topic: Prescription Drug Abuse Essay

782 words - 4 pages

A drug related topic that I wanted to research more is that of prescription drug abuse. The reason for my choice is that I have learned that addiction is a disease that does not discriminate. Therefore, I wanted to learn more about this issue that has a reaching impact across all ages and socio-economical classes.
The first thing that I discovered, that was the alarming, was the magnitude of prescriptions drug abuse. Some of the staggering statistics that I found from the Truth for America’s Health report indicate that prescription drug poisoning deaths surpassed traffic-related crashes as the leading cause of injury death in the United States in 2009. As wee, 50 Americans die from ...view middle of the document...

The first was that of stimulants such Adderall and Ritalin. This group increases dopamine, which can produce a feeling of euphoria when taken non-medically. Some of the reactions to abusing stimulants are feelings of hostility or paranoia, even psychosis with sever abuse leading to cardiovascular failure or seizures (USDHHS, 2011, p.6-7).
Another group, which is depressants, includes medications such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates. These drugs have the potential for abuse because they can produce a drowsy or calming effect. This type of prescription drug is appeal for individuals who suffer from anxiety or sleep disorders. The affects of depressants usually leave an individual feeling somnolent and uncoordinated, but as the body becomes accustomed to the effects of the drug and tolerance develops, and long term, larger doses may be needed to achieve the therapeutic effects. As well, withdrawal from depressants can be problematic, it is rarely life threatening. However barbiturate derived medications abuse can have life-threatening complications (USDHHS, 2011, p. 5).
The last major group of prescription drug abuse is that of opioids, which help with pain singles. Medications that fall within this class include vicodin, oxycodone, percocet, morphine, and codeine. Individuals seek a euphoric response experience to these types of medications. However abuse of this category of drug can lead to can cause severe...

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