For most students, they like to go to college to gain new opportunities to experience college life and to experiment with different things. The United States has over 7,000 higher education institutions and over 15 million students (Brain Track, 2013). Drug and alcohol use is not new to the college life. Experimenting with drugs and alcohol comes with consequences. Alcohol and drug violations simply mean that the students do not abide by the policies implemented by the colleges. Approximately 110,000 college students were arrested for alcohol-related violations such as public drunkenness or driving under the influence (College Drinking, 2013). Gallaudet University has 276 drug violations and 5 arrests while the alcohol violations were 213 with 0 arrests. Greek organizations and athletes are more likely to drink and do drugs more often.
College students that drinks heavily and has consequences are major social problems in the U.S (Turrisi, Malett & Mastroleo, 2006). It is estimated that over 3 million college students has consumed 5 or more drinks during a single drinking occasion within the past 30 days. According to Turrisi, Mallett & Mastroleo (2006), 112,000 has been arrested while there were 2.1 million cases of drinking-related violations. Students adopt the heavy drinking tendencies during their first year of college. Intervention has been made to reduce the statistics of heavy drinking of college students. More and more college administrators has adopted alcohol and drug abuse education and prevention programs but despite the efforts, the alcohol-related problems has not decreased much (Turrisi, Mallett & Mastroleo, 2006).
The Greatest risk for heavy drinking are Greek Organizations and athletes. Greeks and non-Greeks participated in skills training and self-monitoring intervention, and studies showed that there was a slight decrease. The Greek organizations still continued to drink more than non-Greeks after intervention; 15-20 drinks per week (Turrisi, Mallett & Mastroleo). They will drink less at parties if given incentives for keeping their BAC below .05. According to Turrisi, Mallett & Mastroleo (2006), 79.5% of athletes drank in the past 12 months, 65.4% reported having hangovers and 17.5% faced troubles with the police, R.A, or other college authorities. Why do they drink? For social purposes mostly; to feel good, peer influence, to deal with stress of school and athletics, to have fun.
There are various factors that have an effect on drug use: parenting styles, availability of drugs, emotional reasons, athletic involvement, and the Greek system (Brousseau & Baron, 2008). College students use drugs (including alcohol) for different reasons. A study was done on students at Seattle University to determine drug exposures. There were a total of 218 students that participated in the study with a survey of 21 questions. In...