Dsdfs Essay

1602 words - 7 pages

Imagine keeping a secret, even hiding three whole cities from the world, and only a few hundred thousand people knowing of its existence at all. It all began on December 21, 1938, when it was discovered that the Germans had learned the secrets of splitting an atom, also known as nuclear fission (Kelly 17). In 1939, Albert Einstein, along with three other scientist who were aware of the German's intentions, convinced Roosevelt to develop an atomic bomb to be used on Germany. Around 1941, when President Franklin Roosevelt took the initiative, he begin to develop a very large top-secret operation called the “Manhattan Project”, which was to build an atomic bomb. President Roosevelt did not even tell his Vice President that he was beginning this project (Gonzales 5). He feared that the Germans, under Nazi rule, would develop the bomb first, and the United States could not allow that; no one was to find out about it. The bomb, although its original intentions were to be used on Germany, it was in fact used on Japan after the United States entered World War II following the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941. The Manhattan Project production went unnoticed as a result of construction being divided into multiple locations, some of the best people in the world were being employed to complete this project, and the implementation of the bomb and its secrets were outstanding.
In order for the Manhattan Project to be as successful as it was, it had a lot of factors that came into play, one of the most important ones being: location. Of course, you can't construct a large bomb in one place, and have all of the supplies shipped to said place without someone becoming suspicious. The production was subdivided by Leslie R. Groves into many, many different places, but the largest being: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Hanford, Washington, and Los Alamos, New Mexico (Norris). They picked these three secret scientific locations to diminish the curiosity of outsiders, and also because of their geographic positions. These locations become very important to the preparation of what was to become the atomic bomb.
Each location was significant, but I will begin by discussing Oak Ridge in Tennessee, which was the “atomic capital of the world” (Hales 335). Oak Ridge, once a small rural city, became the fifth largest city in Tennessee after the influx of people and had a population of over seventy-thousand(New York Times, 6th col.). This small town required the United States government to relocate thousands of people, and the entire town was fenced in and patrolled by armed guards. Workers and their families that lived at Oak Ridge were sworn to secrecy and only knew of specific tasks, not the whole idea of the production of the bomb. The three production sites that were in use were located away from Oak Ridge in case of any accidents. They three major sites were: the Y-12, an electromagnetic plant; the X-10, a plutonium pile and separation facility; and the K-25, a gaseous...

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