WHO defines that key components of a well-functioning healthcare system is that it responses in a balanced way to population´s needs and expectations. Well-functioning healthcare system improves the health status of individuals, families and communities, defends the population against what threatens its health, protects people against the financial consequences of illnesses/health and provides equal acces to people-centered care. (B. www.who.int. read 31.10.2013.)
2 HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN FINLAND
Finland is a republic country located in the northern part of Europe. It is very small and sparsely populated country. There are 5445883 people living in Finland and it´s area is 338434,73 square meters big. Finland is independent country and it gets 66,5% of its incomes on services, 30,5% its incomes from different kind of industries and 3,3% of its incomes comes from agriculture. (A. www.wikipedia.org., read 31.10.2013.)
In finnish constitution law it is said that everyone has right for necessary livelihood and care. The government actions should prevent wellbeing of people and prevent people´s health and their security. In Finland everyone has right on adequate social- and healthcare services. (A. www.stm.fi., A.www.finlex.fi., read 31.10.2013.)
In Finland there is also a law for the healthcare. This law basically covers everything related to social- and healthcare and it´s services. The purpose of this law is to prevent and maintain people´s health, wellbeing, work and overall performance and social security. Other purposes of this law are to reduce differencies between population, to provide good and equal social- and healthcare services, to make social- and healthcare services more client centered and to better the organization of social- and healthcare services. (B. www.finlex.fi., read 31.10.2013.)
In Finland the municipalities are responsible of the healthcare provided in their region. The municipalities have to take care for example such things as that people in their region get that kind of services they need, there are enough skilled and educated employees working in social- and healthcare services, the workers have proper and valid equipments for the work and the buildings for social- and healthcare services are in good and valid condition. (C. www.finlex.fi., read 31.10.2013.)
In Finland social- and healthcare services are produced with public services but also with private services. Services are divided into basic healthcare services and special healthcare services. Basic healthcare services are provided in municipalities’ basic healthcare centers. Special healthcare services are usually provided in hospitals or in private clinics and hospitals. Some services are payable and some free of charge. When it comes to private services one has to usually pay for them themselves. Public social- and healthcare services are either free of charge, or the charge is the same for everyone, or the charge depends on one´s salary or familyaffairs....