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Dsm 5: Autism Essay

822 words - 4 pages

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Addition (DSM-5) identifies countless numbers of mental disorders, such as Autism (“American Psychiatric Association DSM-5 Development”). According to a study conducted in 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network revealed that the prevalence of Autism within the United States is “approximately 1 in 68 children” (“Prevalence”). This statistic reveals increasing frequency of the disorder, as the prevalence only two years prior was 1 in 88, and thirty years prior showed the disorder present in 1 in 10,000 (“Prevalence”). With such increasing rates of ...view middle of the document...

In 1967, Bruno Bettelheim blamed the disorder on mothers neglecting their children, which would later show incorrect in 1977, when it was proved as a genetic disorder (“Autism: Rise of a Disorder”). Between 1952 and 1980, autism was tossed around in each edition of the DSM, going from being listed with schizophrenia, to mentioned with schizophrenia, and finally listed under PDD, with delayed or abnormal speech identified in children less than thirty months of age (Temple Grandin: DSM5 & History of Autism Diagnosis”). From 1987 to 2013, the spectrum broadened, as it was added it under the PDD-NOS in ‘87, added Asperger Syndrome in 1994, and no longer requiring a speech delay in the diagnosis. 1987 was also the year that UCLA psychologist Ivar Lavaas discovered that intensive therapy proved beneficial to autistic children, which would later drive schools to distinguish it was a special education and specially tend to autistic students in 1990 (“Autism: Rise of a Disorder”). In 2013, the spectrum lost the Asperger Syndrome aspect and PDD-NOS, therefore specifying the spectrum. Although narrowed, the prevalence rates continue to significantly increase, as autism is believed to be the “fastest-growing serious developmental disability in the U.S.” (“Facts about Autism”).
Between the DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5, there were about five changes made to the diagnosis of autism. The major modification made was the elimination of subcategories and grouping them under the newly coined term “autism spectrum disorder”. This new classification consists of...

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