This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Diagnostic And Statistical Manual For Mental Disorders: A Controversial History

1304 words - 6 pages

Crazy is a word with a thousand and one connotations meaning everything from being wildly enthusiastic, to displaying wild or aggressive behaviour. Psychologists have come to the understanding that the pop culture word crazy is synonymous with abnormal behaviour. Abnormal behaviour is difficult to define as the question it faces is who has the authority to differentiate between what is normal and what is abnormal. There are many questions which aid psychologists to differentiate between normal and abnormal, but the following four are the most commonly agreed upon (Rieger, 2011):
1. Is the behaviour statistically rare? Is the characteristic rarely found in society?
2. Does the behaviour violate the norm? Is it socially unacceptable?
3. Does the behaviour cause distress to the person?
4. Does the behaviour interfere with the person's ability to meet the requirements of everyday life?
It must be noted that the questions contain qualifying words for whether or not there Is a universality to the abnormality across cultures; words such as ‘society’ and ‘everyday life’. These key words enforce the Idea that abnormality is not universal across cultures, what is abnormal in one culture is not necessarily abnormal in another. Depending on the school of thought, different psychologists believe the displaying of abnormal behaviour lends itself to suggest there is an underlying cause for the behaviour and in some cases the displaying of abnormal behaviour can be the signs of mental disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders has been the go to manual for all mental health professionals for near as makes no difference 50 years as it has always been developed by the professionals, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that Intend to use it. Its development and use, and misuse for that matter, has been the source of much controversy over the years.
Mental disorder and its classification has been a focus of the medical world for a long time, Hippocrates Is credited with developing the first classification of mental Illnesses, and the nomenclature of mental Illness was non-existent In the early 20th century with the New York Academy of Medicine spearheading a movement to develop an accepted standard of disease (Black & Grant, 2013). It wasn’t until the 1950’s that the APA Committee on Nomenclature and Statistics worked on a more definitive summation of mental disorders which led to the development of the DSM-I. This was the result of the standard reference for medical professionals the, Manual of International Statistical Classification of Disease, Injuries, and Causes of Death (ICD) published less than 10 years prior, was entirely unsatisfactory for psychiatric purpose. Since that first publication of the DSM It has gone through many revisions and editions determined by the growing research and societal Influences and the method of diagnoses. Brannon (1999) describes well the differences between the editions. In the time of the DSM...

Find Another Essay On Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders: A Controversial History

Diagnostic and Stastical Manual for Mental Disorders

2257 words - 10 pages in the Diagnostic and Stastical Manual for Mental Disorders. Individuals that were dealing with severe Borderline Personality Disorder often experienced some sort of mental episode, several professionals in the field considered this a "borderline" versions of previously existing mental disorders. It is unfortunate that even though many professionals in the field have already come to agree that "borderline personality disorder" is no longer a

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Criteria for Substance Abuse

1499 words - 6 pages According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), substance abuse is characterized as, “a pattern of substance use leading to significant impairment or distress” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2013, para. 1). Table one of the DSM on Criteria for Substance Abuse and Dependency notes impairment or distress manifest in one or more of the following ways, in a 12 month period: “Failure to fulfill major role

President Kennedy as a Famous and Controversial Figure in History

2445 words - 10 pages President Kennedy as a Famous and Controversial Figure in History A) Although he was one of the most famous American Presidents in history, Kennedy was also one of the most controversial. He was famous for being the youngest American President ever to be elected into office, beginning his term at the age of only 44. His youth and character gave him the image of vigour and charisma which helped him to win the

Eating Disorders: A Life Threatening Mental Illness

2123 words - 9 pages . Bulimia) Fig. 1. A photo shows the risks bulimia has on someones body that suffers from bulimia nervosa (Smith, Melinda. Bulimia) In 1985, a study was done by Laurence Igoin-Apfelbaum, twenty-one women who were diagnosed by the DSM-III as bulimic were studied (Csorna, Suzie). According to google dictionary DSM-III stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by American Psychiatric Association that provides common

A Brief Analysis of Mental Disorders

1185 words - 5 pages factor such as family history, and abuses could also active a mental disorder. For instance, continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse, or poverty can expose people to be susceptible. A mental disorder can affect anyone, even a person who appears to live in relatively ideal circumstances. Mental disorders are common, but treatments are available. Treatments: Oftentimes, the best treatment involves both medication and some form of talk

Approaches to Madness and Mental Disorders

1592 words - 6 pages Madness and aspects of the mental illness had various approaches throughout modern history. In general, there had been 3 common views from the beginning of the 17 century, with different approaches to madness. These were the most popular among the many are as follows:The madness as of supernatural origin; where religion was used to explain unacceptable or outrageous behavior. This was very common in small communities that had a strong belief in

A History of Insane Asylums and Mental Illness

2418 words - 10 pages from the asylums during times of economic hardship, and patients were being severely neglected. Many starved to death, died from disease, and were not given anything more then a roof over their head. However, because of World War II, there were more soldiers that needed psychiatric attention. This led to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. As the century continued, psychiatrists began to treat patients with a wider arrange

Assisted Outpatient Treatment For Criminals with Mental Disorders

941 words - 4 pages of criminals with severe psychological disorders is necessary. To continue further, a general understanding of certain key concepts in the mental health world is imperative to a full understanding across this topic. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Fourth Edition: Text Revision (DSM IV-TR) is the accepted manual put together by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) about all issues related to brain activity and

Working Manual for Counselors and Pastors

2117 words - 8 pages book is envisioned as a working manual for counselors, pastors and other persons who engage in the helping profession within the umbrella of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. It is aimed to equip counselors and helpers who intend to be God’s channel of healing to humanity. The book sets out to serve as a backdrop of knowledge that informs counselor/helper’s activities in the healing process. It serves as a theoretical backdrop which brings

Clinical Utility of the FFM and DSM-IV in the Diagnostic and Treatment of Personality Disorders

1125 words - 5 pages ., & Widiger, T. A. 2006). According to First and colleagues the importance should be placed on clinical utility, because a valid diagnostic manual that is not used properly in the clinical practice is unlikely to reach its full potential. First and colleagues propose six factors of clinical usefulness that should be estimated in next revisions of the DSM: Conceptualization of the disorder, communicating information to other mental health

The Narrow Schism between Disease and Beauty: Discovering the Mental Disorders and Intricacies of A Beautiful Mind

1911 words - 8 pages “Schizophrenia” is a cacophonous word, crowded with awkward consonants and branded by a puzzling pronunciation. Similarly, the disease itself is marked by disorganized, discordant speech, thoughts, and actions. From its original Latin, schizophrenia translates to “split mind,” a term which fits well because individuals with schizophrenia “seem to have normal mental function in some areas but are markedly disturbed in others” (“About

Similar Essays

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

1152 words - 5 pages The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has a number of features. First of all, every disorder is identified using a name and a numerical code. In addition, the manual provides the criteria for diagnosing each disorder as well as establishes subtypes of a disorder and examples that would illustrate the disorder. The manual goes further by addressing the typical age of onset, culturally related information, gender

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

1010 words - 4 pages The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the official manual used in diagnosing mental disorders. The DSM has changed considerably since it was first published in 1952. DSM-I listed a mere 66 disorders, compared to the 400 disorders listed in the current DSM-IV. DSM I and DSM II were influenced by the psychodynamic approach. The manuals suggested that all disorders were caused by environmental occurrences. The DSM-III dropped

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders (Dsm)

612 words - 2 pages The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has come a long way since 1952. The first manual only had 66 disorders listed, compared to today's 400 disorders, which is a significant increase. The DSM is the manual/handbook used in diagnosing mental disorders. In the beginnings of the manual some scientific basis was credited to Kraepelin, who believed that psychiatric disorders were caused from biological and genetic factors

Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders By Allen Frances

1838 words - 8 pages The overall message and core argument this book offers is that the new version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the DSM-5, will cause an enormous increase of people who are not mentally ill being diagnosed with a mental disorder and receiving unnecessary treatment for it. Allen Frances argues that assigning everyday problems to mental disorders causes massive disadvantages for individuals and society. Diagnosing a