This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Dual Coding And Memory Higher Psychology Class Ayrshire College Assignment

2502 words - 11 pages

Dual–coding and Mnemonic research.
By Rachele Righetto.
Materials Used
Summary Table
This assignment discussed mnemonics and how images act as a mnemonic device to recall memories in a psychological way. The psychological approach I will be dealing with is the cognitive school founded by Miller in the 1960’s. This is where you find out how people work, how the processes go through their mind and it takes into account the internal, invisible thought processes that affect our behaviour. It involves perception, attention, language, memory, thinking and consciousness.
Memory and mnemonics is the main focus to this research. Memory is where we are able to retain and retrieve events that have happened in the past.
There are 3 memory stores; sensory, short-term and long-term memory. Sensory memory is the first stage in which our brain receives information from our senses and is stored for less than a second before getting passed onto the STM and LTM. These senses include sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. This information then gets passed on to the short term memory.
The short term memory (STM) is the next stage for storing information where the brain prefers to store the information acoustically. It can hold up to 7+/- 2 items, this is proven by Millar (1956) with his ‘magic number 7’ experiment, and can only hold them for a maximum of roughly 30 seconds unless maintained through rehearsal. Grouping items into chunks of 3 can enhance the capacity of the Short term memory especially if the chunks are meaningful to the individual. Peterson and Peterson (1959) investigated in the duration of the STM when rehearsal was not allowed. They found that without rehearsal, duration of STM is less than 18 seconds. Information held in the STM is quickly lost without rehearsal. This supports the hypothesis that the duration of the STM is limited to approximately 20 seconds.
Long term memory (LTM) is a permanent store which can hold an unlimited capacity and duration. Information is passed to the LTM from the STM through encoding. Baddeley (1966) did an experiment on LTM encoding where he presented lists of 10 short words at one time. Some lists where semantically similar and others where not.
The participants were asked to recall the words immediately and after a 20 minute delay. So he found that after immediate recall, participants with the acoustically similar words got confused, but those with semantically similar words did not and were better at the task. This suggests LTM is confused by the similarity which means that this is how LTM tends to encode.
There are 3 types of long term memories;
Episodic, semantic and procedural.
Procedural memory is a part of the long-term memory is responsible for knowing how to do things.
Semantic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about the world. This includes knowledge about the meaning of...

Find Another Essay On Dual Coding and memory - Higher psychology class - ayrshire college - Assignment

Attachment theory in psychology - college - Assignment

1655 words - 7 pages was only conducted on working class people in Scotland, this might not apply to other social groups and populations such as the middle and upper class or people in other countries. Another criticism was the accuracy of the data collection where the mother kept daily diaries while also taking care of the family and themselves. A diary like this is very unreliable and a mother is very unlikely to report any negative outcomes and experiences in their

The Effect of Active Student Response on College Age Students Learning Vocabulary Definitions: an experiment done in an experimental psychology class

2498 words - 10 pages other than think fast, that can be used in the classroom, to increase the number of vocabulary words that can be recalled accurately in two minuets. To do this ASR error correction procedure was implemented because this has seen to be effective in teaching science vocabulary words to undergraduate students.MethodSubjectThe Subject was a twenty-three year old male college student enrolled in an undergraduate experimental psychology class at Queens

the benenfit of getting into shape - COLLEGE CLASS ASSIGNMENT - ESSAY

597 words - 3 pages The Benefits of Running Unless the risks of running are shown to outweigh the benefits, we should not restrict the use of running, just because it causes sore muscles, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Instead, we should educate the public that running is a form of exercise, which aids in weight control, develops muscle, and improves mental and physical performance. Yes, running has it risks, which causes one to have very sore muscles, but the

Working Class Students and Higher Education

1568 words - 7 pages     Working Class Students and Higher Education    Authors Michelle Tokarczyk, Peter Sacks, Robert Haverman and Timothy Smeeding all write about certain problems that working class students are facing in education in the U.S. , especially in college education which is usually defined as higher education. Although they focus on different aspects of the problem, they still have some ideas in common. In their articles, all of them discuss how

"Lazlo, The Clockmaker" A 6 page short story inspired by Salvador Dali's painting 'Persistance of Memory' written for my final project in my college Creative Writing class

1970 words - 8 pages on his way to your place now!""The ClockStopper? You mean that crazy religious zealot who thinks Clock-Makers really know how to stop the Clocca Phenomenon?""Yes! Him! He just was in my shop! Don't you remember the call you took just a few minutes before mine?"Lazlo thought for a second and soon the memory of the previous phone call came swirling back into his brain."Oh yea. I remember that call... hey how did you know about that?!" asked Lazlo"He

Greg Dawson and the Psychology Class

1085 words - 5 pages , the Christian college student taking a psychology class. This first discussion answers the questions, “Who is Jay Adams and how did the modern Biblical counseling movement begin.” It also explains the term, “nouthetic counseling.” Adams uses the dialogues to define the word nouthetic as a Biblical concept containing, “Three components: loving verbal Confrontation out of Concern in order to bring about Change pleasing to God. Those three Cs

Psychology of Sensation and Perception - Red rocks Community college - Psychology

1203 words - 5 pages Runchel 2 Kaitlyn Runchel Sorden Psychology 18 March 2018 Sensation and Perception The world around us is entirely apprehended on a person by person basis when considering how we as individuals identify our surroundings. Using our senses to achieve a conglomerate picture of perception is critical in establishing our presence in the world. However, because these impressions are so unique to each individual, they also tend to formulate opinions

Theory of Knowledge -Memory and arts - QASMT - Assignment

1415 words - 6 pages vivid memory, and a good selection of elements of an object that are then drawn. Instead of delving into the specifics of world perception, we can focus on the effects of a vivid and selective memory. Rebecca Chamberlain, a psychologist at University College London, conducted an experiment investigating the role of visual memory in drawing. She believes that drawing skill results, in part, from an ability to remember simple relationships in an

Creating a Culture of Empowerment and Accountability - Class - Assignment

1596 words - 7 pages school culture was. There were multiple issues in the school which disgrace the culture of SMdP. Like late arrival of students was the part of school culture. There were physical fights among the students. There was no mutual respect for teachers and class mates. As both were not concerning with respect it’s obvious when a school culture was not representing respect among teacher then eventually students will also disrespect each other as they were in

Noneffectiveness of Foster Program - Humber College/ Youth and Crime - Assignment

846 words - 4 pages Literature Critique Assignment: Eliminate foster care programs Prisca Ernogene Youth & Crime 2003 October 6, 2017 Sharonne Stone Brief Summary of the Article This article addresses issues concerning young children experiencing physical maltreatment or neglect that are placed in the foster care programs. The study examined sample of 110 children which include 31 physically maltreated children and 79 neglected children. Each set of groups were

Costs and Benefits of a Dual Relationship in Psychology

1691 words - 7 pages One major debate for counselors or psychologists is the costs and benefits of a dual or multiple relationship between the clinician and a client. One way a multiple relationship may occur is when a clinician is holding a professional role as well as playing another role with the same person outside of the professional setting (APA, 2002). Two major types of additional relationships a clinician may be involved in with an individual(s) is a

Similar Essays

This Is The Syllabus For Psychology Class Psychology Assignment

3506 words - 15 pages discussion, completion of readings and all class assignments is crucial. 6. Academic Integrity Please refer to CDSE?s Academic Integrity Policy for guidance on adhering to their high standards of academic integrity and security. You must acknowledge that you have read the CDSE policy by posting to the appropriate discussion Forum in Sakai, where you will find a copy of this policy. You will be held to these standards for every writing assignment

In The News, Assignment Based On The News And What I Have Learned In The Class/Books. Psychology Essay

1304 words - 6 pages Running head: IN THE NEWS 1 In the News 2 In the News Camille Kangas Northcentral Technical College This article is about a study conducted. The study found that mothers across the world had a similar response to crying babies. Authored by Jacqueline Howard, it was last updated on the 25th of October, 2017 and published on CNN. The study was conducted on new mothers. Researchers wanted to know if mothers who live in different countries

Driving Miss Daisy Assignment From Psychology 101 Class At Portland Community College Pcc College Psy101 Assignment

1128 words - 5 pages Dao Tran Mark Bergal Psychology 101 Driving Miss Daisy 1. Compare and contrast personality types of two characters Miss Daisy seems to have behavioral and psychodynamic personality. Her personality relates to the environment. For example, at the first time she meets her chauffer, Hoke, she hates him although she doesn’t know him before. Because she is a white Jewish woman while Hoke is a black man, and at that time, the society has sharped her

Sight Words And The Dual Coding Theory

941 words - 4 pages usually observable nouns and verbs. Abstract language is much harder to create visual images because they have less access to visual imagery. The Dual Coding Theory believes a concrete word is easier to learn because we are able to access the two independent memory codes, verbal and visual, to recall the word when reading. An abstract word is harder due to the fact we only have one code, the verbal, to help us to recall the word (Reed, 2006). The