City Hall is regarded as one of the city’s finest neoclassical buildings (Noel Byrne, 2013). It is spectacular piece of architecture, designed by Thomas Cooley and built as the Royal Exchange for a then prosperous Dublin’s merchant population (Heritage Island, 2014).
The thesis is completed detailed history interior architecture analysis of 18th century Irish building which is representative to Neoclassicism.
External building analysis of 18th century Irish building which is Dublin City Hall was completed. These identified that Dublin City Hall is neoclassical building in Corinthian style made of Portland stone fabric (Irish tourist, 2014).
With the findings from research ...view middle of the document...
The term Neoclassicism refers to the classical revival in European art, architecture and interior design that lasted from the mid- eighteenth to the early nineteenth century (Art History, 2009). Neoclassicism was a revival of the classical style but with the new perspective (ask, 2014). This period gave rebirth to the art of ancient Rome and Greece, and the Renaissance as a reaction against the Rococo style of anti- tectonic naturalistic ornament, and an outgrowth of some classicizing features of Baroque that preceded the movement (Art History, 2009; tharanghini, 2013). There were a lot of Western Europe countries involved in this movement, but England and France produced the most art work and architecture during this period (B. Lavenant, 2014).
2.1. Neoclassical architecture
“One important 18th century thinker, the French Jesuit Priest Marc- Antoine Laugier, theorized that all architecture derives from three basic elements: the columns, the entablature, and the pediment” (J. Craven, 2014).
Neoclassical building is likely to have some of these features:
• “Tall columns that rise the full height of the building” (J. Craven, 2014);
• “Triangular pediment” (J. Craven, 2014);
• “Doomed roof” (J. Craven, 2014);
• “Clean, elegant lines” (World of Level Design, 2008);
• “Uncluttered appearance” (World of Level Design, 2008);
• “Massive buildings” (World of Level Design, 2008);
• “Symmetrical shape” (J. Craven, 2014);
• Free standing columns- “columns were used to carry the weight of the buildings structure. But later they became used as a graphical element” (World of Level Design, 2008).
• “Exterior was built to represent classical perfection. Doors and windows were built to represent that perfection. Decorations were reduced to a minimum on outside” (World of Level Design, 2008).
2.2. Neoclassical furniture
“Neoclassical furniture is characterized by restrained symmetrical design and tends to be rectangular. Architectural details and motifs are frequently utilized for decoration. The furniture legs are often turned and fluted in reference to classic architectural columns” (M. A. Wakeling, 2014).
“Chairs and tables were designed with rectangular shapes and slender straight legs. Chair backs took on rectangular or shield shapes, and the seat was very square” (B. Lavenant, 2014).
“Cabinet makers and upholsterers started to use different types of woods including mahogany, satinwood, tulipwood, sycamore, and rosewood. They also started to use various elaborate painted finishes and brass fittings” (B. Lavenant, 2014).
“The placement of the furniture was very important, just as the placement of the figures in a painting. Everything was symmetrical and balanced not only in size of the furniture to the size of the room, but in the amount of pieces placed within each room” (B. Lavenant, 2014).
3. Ireland in 18th century
“18th century architecture in Ireland and England went through two periods. The first up to 1760 was associated with the...