There are General duties and responsibilities of the competent authority
1. The competent authority should, on the basis of an assessment of safety and Health hazards and in consultation with ship owners’ and seafarers' organizations, adopt National laws or regulations to ensure the safety and health of seafarers working on Ships. 2. A practical application of these national laws or regulations should be provided through technical standards or codes of practice, or by other appropriate methods. 3. in giving effect to 1 and 2 above, the competent authority should have due regard to the relevant standards adopted by recognized international organizations in the field of maritime safety. 4. The competent authority should provide appropriate inspection services to enforce or administer the application of the provisions of national laws and regulations and should provide the necessary resources for the accomplishment of their task, or satisfy itself that appropriate inspection and enforcement are carried out. 5. The inspection and survey of ships should normally be carried out by the competent authority. If inspection and survey are delegated to classification societies and other bodies, the competent authority should ensure that its international obligations4 are fulfilled and that national laws and regulations are enforced. 6. The measures to be taken to ensure organized cooperation between
Ship-owners and seafarers to promote safety and health on board ship should be these include, from the International Labour Organization, the Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1976 (No. 147); the Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Convention, 1970
(No. 134); the Prevention of Accidents (Seafarers) Recommendation, 1970 (No. 142); and from the
International Maritime Organization, the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974
(SOLAS); the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watch keeping for Seafarers, 1978 (STCW); the International Convention on Load lines, 1966 (ICL); the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 (COLREG) and any subsequent revisions of the above instruments. For guidance on inspections in accordance with Convention No. 147, the ILO publication Inspection of labour conditions on board ship: Guide-lines for procedure should be followed. In accordance with Article 2 of Convention No. 134, the competent authority in each maritime country shall take the necessary measures to ensure that occupational accidents are adequately reported and investigated, and comprehensive statistics on such accidents kept and analyzed. Use may also be made of the IMO/ILO Guidelines for the investigation of accidents where fatigue may have been a contributing factor, where appropriate. See also the Labour Inspection (Seamen) Recommendation, 1926 (No. 28).Guidelines for the Authorization of Organizations Acting on Behalf of the Administration, IMO...