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Dyslexia. Essay

835 words - 3 pages

Dyslexia: A condition some people are born with, which is primarilycharacterized by difficulty with language.Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specificlanguage-based disorder of constitutional origin characterized by difficulties insingle word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processingabilities. These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected inrelation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the resultof generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment.Common problems of dyslexia are slowness at acquiring spoken languageand difficulties with speech such as a lisp, or a sound that can't be pronounced.Dyslexics are often late talkers. Confusion between words of similar meaning isnot uncommon. like, saying desert when meaning beach.Dyslexics have difficulty processing information. Think of two children offto play tennis. The first has a bag to carry the balls. The second has too manyballs and nothing to carry them in. The first child quickly arrives at the courts.The second child drops some of the balls but gets there in the end. Its like thesame for dyslexics. Pieces of information get lost along the way and it takes timeto get information across. Once this information is received the dyslexic child hasno special difficulties working things out and remembering them. Immediatememory or working memory is a resource of the brain that saves information andideas we are working with. Some people have amazing immediate memory andcan remember not only pages of information but also the layout of theinformation. Others can remember everything that was said, who said it and thecontext in which it was said. Most people have enough immediate memory toenable them to hold information they are working with.The following quote is from T.R. Miles Professor Emeritus of the PsychologyUniversity of Wales,"For neurological reasons - connected with deficiencies in themagnocellular system - there may be an anomaly of development whichsometimes gives rise to an unusual balance of skill. This anomaly is sometimesbut not always, the result of hereditary factors. Reasoning is not affected, and insome areas such as art and engineering there may be exceptional talent. Thereare weaknesses, however, which may show themselves in spoken language.Many of these weaknesses are overcome by practice and suitable training, but theprocessing of symbolic material at speed remains difficult."Before about 1970 most explanations of dyslexia held that the root of theproblem lay in visual difficulties. For example, many experts believed thatdyslexic children saw letters backward or in reverse order. Since then, however,much research has shown that children with dyslexia are no more prone toreverse letters while reading and writing than are other children.Most dyslexia research now focuses on problems distinguishing the varioussounds, or...

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