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Dystopia: Science Fiction, Exaggeration, Or Imminent Reality?

1763 words - 8 pages

It's hard to assign an irrefutable definition to the world nowadays - given its remarkably unfathomable state. The American Dream, the information revolution, two world wars, pornography, third world countries' independence and other benchmarks define the timeline of the 20th century (the near past). However, where has this left us today? Indeed the world exhibits an extremely ambiguous era that may be a prelude to a wholly different future than its past – far or near. Most significant in our present is the emergence of exponentially growing technology with unlimited abilities – simultaneously promising and foreboding - which has created a gap between the agenda of the minority that holds ...view middle of the document...

Writers began writing fictional, somehow futuristic, accounts of dystopian societies. Dystopian fiction could be classified into more intricate categories with certain properties identifying each such as post-apocalyptic accounts, young adult novels and social/political critiques. Renowned examples dystopian fiction include, George Orwell's 1984 which focused on the ominous nature of totalitarianism in all aspects of life, Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 which emphasized the imminent deterioration of a book's status and degradation of people's virtues, in a highly contradicting world and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World which is a satirical and simultaneously tragic expose of imaginative yet probable futuristic world where love ceases to exist and people are controlled by technology and the omniscient state.
To further inspect Brave New World would perhaps illustrate how analogous a dystopia is to predicted future. Aldous Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was a prominent English writer known for his controversial yet notable notions and sayings. He is born to the Huxley family, a quite distinguished one British family with its members excelling in a wide array of fields. Of his brothers, one was director of UNESCO and one was a Nobel laureate in physiology. This upbringing in a dignified, virtually noble family's shaped a lot of Aldous Huxley's viewpoints. For instance, it is probably a major influence to his fervid endorsement of the ideals of eugenics. In his childhood, Huxley suffered an illness which left him blind for practically two or three years. This illness was indeed influential as it urged him to abandon taking up a medical career and adopting a literary one. In his early career Huxley taught French

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for a year to make a living and interestingly, the acclaimed novelist George Orwell (then Eric Blair) who shares a lot of Huxley's dystopian views, as well as the w ell known historian Steven Runciman, was one of his pupils.
"Maybe this world is another planet's hell." This renowned phrase by Aldous Huxley perhaps outlines his dystopian notions and sets his stances in his novels. Huxley's many intriguing views and his literary adroitness have made his works highly distinguishable and distinguished. The main sentiment that drives Huxley's literary works is his concern with the imminent, and perhaps ongoing, subjugation of human beings by socialist states. Huxley is also known for dabbling in controversial areas such as parapsychology and philosophical mysticism (evident in his long term involvement with the Vedanta Society of Southern California). In Brave New World, Aldous Huxley brings about a recurrent theme of a society with incoherent and futuristic ideals with a totalitarian state controlling a stupefied public. However, his own literary trademarks are what make Brave New World unique and earn it the acclaim it had gained. The state's use of drugs to hypnotize the people perhaps pertains to Huxley's own life as he is...

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