“In recent years, legislatures across the world have turned their attention to the escalating amount of electronic and electrical waste, and their accompanying environmental threats. Increasing consumption of electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) and the indiscriminate disposal of used products contribute to the problem furthered by designs that ignore durability and support the limitless use of toxic substances. One proposed method of changing this trend is to stimulate producers to design for the environment (DFE). In many ways DFE breaks the traditional physical barriers for design and requires a vision of the product for its entire life cycle.” (Deathe, MacDonald and Amos 2008)
Nowadays, electronics is the biggest part of materials that is sent to landfills all over the world. At the same time, it is one of the best sold products, e.g. computers, mobile phones, fax machines, radios, personal digital assistants, gadgets and other electronic equipment. These became one of the most irreplaceable parts of our life in a considerably very short time. Each kind of electronic equipment consists of harmful materials which enter the ground and air after it appears in a landfill. As industry makes products more efficient, with time everyone buys more, uses more, and then of course throws out more electronic appliances, and finally that causes problem to become more significant.
Generally, e-waste problem has not been as important as energy efficiency, economic focus, global warming or other problems till today. Electronic waste problem has became one of the most serious problems in very little period, because day by day industry has been upgrading as much as possible products, what finally had affected the amount of e-waste. As the electronic products become more efficient, a whole line of goods that came to end-of-life becomes a part of the 20,000,000-50,000,000 tons of electronic waste produced in the world every year. It would not be such kind of problem just of very big amount of waste, the basis of e-waste problem is that when electronic equipment is in landfill, or it is processed, recycled or disposed of, it pollutes the environment, because electronic equipment consists of hazardous materials that represent environmental danger as they leach toxins into the ground or air. Pollution of an environment in turn causes health problems. The Environmental Protection Agency informs that nearly 70 percent of the heavy metal (lead, mercury, and cadmium) contamination in landfills comes from e-waste. So, it means that this problem has to be solved. (Ashley L.B. Deathe, Elaine MacDonald and William Amos 2008) There are some simple but effective solutions.
Mainly solutions concern producers’ manufacturing, because work strategies and work systems completely depend on their producers. Also, only the producers consider which types of materials they would use for manufacturing all this electric and electronic equipment.
First of all, the producers...