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Earl Warren: Chief Justice For The United States

847 words - 4 pages

History isn’t made when it happens; it’s made because of the impacts on the national and international level. Often times, it is a small event that triggers a large reaction from the public. Often times, it is one person who can make a difference in the world. Earl Warren was one person that made a difference to Americans in the mid-1900s. From working in a law office to becoming the governor of California to appointed Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1953, Earl Warren had built up tremendous support. In 1946, during his second campaign for the Governor of California, Warren was able to win over the Democratic, Republican, and Progressive parties, making him the only governor in United States history to do so. ("Earl Warren (1891-1974)"). During his time as the Chief Justice for the United States, Earl Warren brought dramatic change to black and white citizens. Under his command, Warren Court was able to expand civil rights for blacks and create the Miranda Rights for suspected criminals.
In 1896, the Plessy vs. Ferguson case offered clarification to the segregation between whites and blacks. The Plessy decision became the precedent case that allowed separate facilities for blacks and whites as long as they were equal become constitutional (Wormser). Thus, the notion of “separate, but equal” notion became popular. The Plessy decision was upheld until May 17, 1954. In 1954, Oliver Brown and his family challenged Kansas’s Board of Education. During this time, many black children had to cross town and walk through dangerous roads to reach school ("Brown v. Board of Education (1954) School Segregation, Equal Protection"). Often times there were schools that were much closer, but only allowed white children attend. This created a hostile environment between blacks and whites in the 1950s. White families felt no remorse, claiming that whites were rightfully separated for superiority reasons. Black families felt anger because their children had to walk through dangerous parts of town for an unequal education. When this was brought up to Kansas’s Board of Education, they believed the education system was not doing anything wrong. The Board argued that all blacks received the same and equal opportunities as white students in other schools. They concluded that their actions were constitutional is it followed the “separate, but equal” ruling established in 1896. ("Brown v. Board of Education"). The Brown family felt their Fourteenth Amendment was violated. They appealed their case to the federal district court and, eventually, to the Supreme Court...

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