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Early Childhood Brain Development Essay

2056 words - 9 pages

Brain Development in Early Childhood
The concept of brain development in early childhood has become popular in the field of Child and Adolescence. In recent years, studies have shown how critical the earlier years of life are in terms of brain development. From the time of birth to the earliest years of life the child’s brain is constantly going through enormous changes. Developing skills in both socio-emotional, cognitive development. Pursuing this further, although the genes may supply the basic blue-print for the brain, researchers have found that experiences also shape the process that determines whether a children’s brain will provide a weak or strong base for all future learning. ...view middle of the document...

Click on the website that belongs to Harvard. Scroll down and locate the science of early childhood section. Once located, click on the picture with the red brain. Then scroll down again until the section of the Science of Neglect is viewable and click on read more. Then locate the PDF file to download and download it. Open the PDF and scroll down to page three.
The research was gathered from page numbers three to fifteen. Carrying further, extensive scientific research (http://developingchild.harvard.edu/topics/scienceofearlych ildhood/) has shown that brain development occurs as early as the first weeks after conception and carries over to the earlier years of life. Nevertheless, the first three years of life are very important because it is a period of incredible growth in all areas of a baby's development because when a child is born the brain is not yet fully developed.
It might be surprising too many but according to research in the same link listed previously over 80 percent of the brain development takes place outside the womb in the first years of life. For example, by a babies’ first birthday the brain will have tripled in size compared to the size it had at birth. An example that demonstrates brain development outside the womb is eyesight. The eye vision of a baby gradually develops over the time span of about six to eight months.
2nd link Experiences during early childhood play a particularly large role in the shaping of the brain. Not surprisingly, today there is evidence that the brain has several regions. Within those regions are millions of neurons or nerve cells. These neurons send messages to each other through synapses and neural pathways. The neurons in the brain are being strengthening by repetitive use of experiences in the environment. Furthermore, connections that are being more frequently used grow stronger. Yet, those connections that are not being used, as much will eventually disappear gradually through a process called pruning. In other words, by exposing children to more activities that involve sound, sight, taste, touch, smell it will help contribute to building stronger connections in the brain.
Research done through Zero to Three (http://www.zerotothree.org/) is a website that provides knowledge to parents, professionals and policymakers on how to safely nurture during early development. The purpose of this website is to promote early experiences that set a course for a lifelong process of discovery about ourselves and the world around us along with gaining knowledge about early brain development. Furthermore, the major support for the Zero to Three website is being provided by the federal funding for childcare. In which it is divided into three separate funding streams, Child Care Development Fund, CCDBG, the other portion of funds under the federal umbrella program.
An individual can access the next website by following the next steps. The first step is to open a browser (e.g. Chrome, FireFox, and...

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