Early Childhood Education Howard Gardner And Jean Piaget

1507 words - 6 pages

Early childhood education is an issue that is examined both by media and academic professionals, both of which are represented by Alison Gopnik, a writer and professor (Gopnik, 2013). Gopnik (2011) found that over the years, parents and teachers work to their fullest to instruct children to read at very young ages. It can be Interpreted that reading skills take priority over creative skills, since children are instructed to read even in the womb (Gopnik, 2011). “Thus, the pressure is rising to make kindergartens and nurseries more like schools” (Gopnik, 2011). This pressure has come from the law since 2001, when preschools were pushed to become more academic (Gopnik, 2011). Creativity is a key component of success in later adulthood for problem-solving and cognitive abilities (Plucker, 2010). Creativity used to be the central focus of education studies (Plucker, 2010). At the turn of the century, and more recently, problem solving took first place along with creative thinking (Gruber, 2011). This essay will prove that the current education system tends to eventually pull children away from creativity. It will demonstrate how there is a greater amount of creativity in younger children as opposed to older children. This will be shown through the theories of Howard Gardner and Jean Piaget. In order to prove that education has moved away from a creative focus, this essay will examine the three phases of creativity, multiple intelligences and the U-shaped curve by Gardner, as well as Piaget’s constructivist theory and beliefs on retrogression, which is the idea of growing to show how we eventually pull away from visual art (Nolley, 2010). While this paper focuses on the development of visual arts in reference to the works of Howard Gardner and Jean Piaget, it also provides you with insight into current constructs of creativity in education.
Due to creative development in previous years, art has been considered a way of documenting human experiences and making sense of the world (Nunan, 2009). Many have worked to their fullest to search for the meaning of creativity (Nunan, 2009). Lucas and Gardner state that “creativity is described as the state of mind in which all our intelligences work together, solving problems, and raising new questions” (Nunan, 2009). This, in turn, connects to the multiple intelligence theory, which advocates for differentiated learning styles (Nunan, 2009). That said, Gardner believes that school curriculums tend to only test two kinds of intelligences, “verbal, and logical-mathematical”, which tends to exclude the other five intelligences that we humans hold (Nunan, 2009). It is these discarded intelligences that provide the base of visual arts (Nunan, 2009). As a result, by taking a step and including the other five intelligences (“visual/spatial, bodily/kinaesthetic, musical, interpersonal, and intrapersonal intelligences”) in the school system, Gardner believes that we can work towards finding a way of communicating...

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