Early Childhood Stage of Development
The developmental period known as early childhood ranges from the
years two to six. These years are often called the play years. During
this time play flourishes and supports all of the phases of life.
Early childhood has many physical developments like body growth, brain
development, and motor development. During this time both gross and
fine motor skills develop dramatically. Children can walk upstairs
with alternating feet, ride a tricycle, and even catch a ball with
their hands. They can also put on and remove simple clothing items,
feed themselves, and draw their first pictures of people.
For our team presentation we chose to do an obstacle course designed
for a two to six year old child. The obstacle course consists of six
activities that deal with cognitive and physical development. For the
activity we chose a three year old boy named Christian. He is called
CJ for short. The first activity is throwing hoops over a cone. C. J.
has to stand behind a piece of tape and try to throw the hoops over
the cone. This is testing physical development of the gross motor
skill of throwing. The next activity is testing cognitive development.
CJ has to match colored blocks with color-coded cut out squares on a
poster board. There are yellow, red, blue, and green blocks. The
poster board has four squares that are cut out with the colors blue,
yellow, red, and green around them. It is CJ's job to match the colors
and place the blocks into the correct squares. The third obstacle is
another physical one. Christian has to sit on a scooter and scoot his
way down a lane made of cones to the end where a bag of cookies is
waiting for him. This shows the development of a gross motor skill. He
is able to push the riding toy with his feet and steer. Our fourth
obstacle is also dealing with colors. There are three cones setup.
Under each cone is a car. Two cars are blue and the other car is
silver. CJ's job is to find the silver car. He must look under the
cones until he finds the silver car. Next is another physical
activity. CJ must stand a certain distance, measured by a piece of
tape, from a bucket. The object is to throw the three balls into the
bucket. This tests the development of arm motion and coordination.
Finally, the last obstacle deals with conservation. Conservation is
the idea that physical characteristics of objects remain...