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Early Colonial America Essay

1059 words - 5 pages

In early colonial America, there were thirteen colonies. The English and Dutch started them all, but those colonies varied indefinitely. The two primary regions of the colonies were the Chesapeake and the New England Regions. Due to the differences in cultures at the very beginning created two very different American cultures. The first permanent English settlement in America was Jamestown, Virginia. Jamestown began as a business venture and then failed. Later, a Virginia Company of London, which was a joint stock company, organized and sent one hundred and four colonists into Virginia in 1607. From here, I will show how the arrival of Europeans affected the environment of North America.In a ...view middle of the document...

There was no talk... but dig gold, wash gold refine gold, load gold". This was the primary goal, to mine gold.One defines the religion in the New England region. The New England region primarily consisted of Puritans. The Puritans initially left England in search of a refuge to "purify" the religion. Other than the Puritans there were the Pilgrims, which were derived from the Puritans. There weren't many differences at all between the Puritans and the Pilgrims. The only difference between the Pilgrims and Puritans is that the Pilgrims were not only against the Anglican Church but they called for a total separation from the church. In the New England Region the Puritan oligarchy was in place until the great awakening. In the Chesapeake region there were many religions from the beginning. For instance, Catholics, originally Protestants, settled Maryland. In result, New England was a lot more established and put together.Geography had many importances in colonial life. There wasn't any mountains in Jamestown therefore the colonists were susceptible to many attacks and invasions. Governor Berkeley and his council wrote on their inability to defend against the Dutch attacks in 1673. "We thought it our duty... to set forth in this our declaration, the true state and condition of this country in general and our particular disability to engage in war at the time of this invasion... therefore do humbly beseech you most honorable council to consider that Virginia is interacted by so many vast rivers as makes more miles to defend than we do have me to defend them." (Cambridge, 1995) The Chesapeake region were not the only ones to run into trouble due to their geography, the New England region also had problems defending themselves. For instance in King Phillips war.Geography is also a major factor in any civilization's economy. The Chesapeake region primarily grew tobacco on there land. We all know that tobacco eventually ruins the soil,...

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