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Early Colonization Essay

976 words - 4 pages

In the late 1500s and early 1600s, the Americas had been discovered and establishment of the New World had begun. Spain, Portugal, England and France all led the way in early colonization. European nations were involved in the colonization of North and South America, but all had different approaches. Spain and Portugal were similar in the way they inhabited the land but had different reasons for colonization. France approached colonization somewhat different, they were not focused on land but on the economical impact that trade would have on their nation. England focused on colonization of North America completely different. The English had a deeper desire to explore the new world and expand their nation. The English proved to have had the best and worse approach of all the nations colonizing America. Their approach led to the formation of a new nation but not under their control. The vast differences of all the nations and the imprint they left in their region of colonization shaped the New World into what the North and South America is today.Spain and PortugalThe Spanish and Portuguese shared the desire to achieve economical superiority over the other European nations. The Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 made the Spanish focus all their attention to the Americas, while the Portuguese spread their colonies throughout Africa, Asia, and modern day Brazil. The treaty allowed the Spanish to colonize all Latin America, Florida, and much of Western America, (Koeller 1998). Spain was on the threshold of becoming the richest nation in the world. Both the Spanish and Portuguese would enforce their ideals, religion, and authority over the native inhabitants through military force under the order of their Kings. The colonists for Spain and Portugal were governed by their homelands and had a strong tie to their country.FranceNot until 1605 did the French plant a permanent colony; Port Royal in Arcadia, (Davidson et al 2001). The French, a strong sense of loyalty to their country, but viewed the New World in a different way. For France, they saw America as a surplus of economical assets through fur trade, agriculture communities, and religious institutions, (Davidson et al 2001). They did colonize in the New World through Canada and the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys but not to the extent of the other European nations. They were so focused on fur trade and knew that good relations with the Native Americans would be the key to their success. Some French did own their land but they did not forcefully take it. Their willingness to work with the Native Americans fostered a good sense of loyalty between them; some taking on the native way of life. This loyalty fostered many interracial marriages between the French and Indians. This created a need for the colonists to homestead there, but they never seemed to establish any form of self government, (Davidson et al 2001).EnglandEnglish colonized for religious freedom, to seek refuge, and new economic...

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