This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Early Cases In Homicide Essay

852 words - 4 pages

What is homicide and what are homicidal offenses? Homicide has been defined as the taking of the life of one human being by another. Homicidal offenses vary by degrees of the offense, penalties, and manor in which the offense occurred. These offenses include: First-Degree Murder, Second-Degree Murder, Felony, Justifiable and Excusable Homicide. These are some of the main topics and can be broken down into subcategories within and amongst themselves. Some of the earliest recorded cases of murder date back to the 12th century with the King’s Bench or Queen’s Court in England; we will cover some of the earliest establishments of these laws and/or cases in history.
Many states today categorize murder into two degrees: first and second, but others have even more degrees based upon motive, intent, or time. Although England had established a set of criteria for the definition of degrees of murder, the Pennsylvania Court in the Act of Assembly of 1794 stated, “All murder which shall be perpetrated by means of poison, or by lying in wait, or by any other kind of wilful, deliberate or premeditated killing or which shall be committed in the perpetration or attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, robbery or burglary, shall be deemed murder in the first degree; and all other kinds of murder, shall be murder in the second degree.” (Loewy, 2009, p. 20). By defining first degree murder as arson, rape, robbery, or burglary only these offenses would be punishable under the penalty of death. Second degree would not be punishable by death and only carry with it a prison sentence.
Maitland & Pollock (2012), “The word felony derived from the Latin word felo, fell, gall-the word for venom.” When it came around to “felon first appears to mean cruel, fierce, wicked.”(p. 467) It later was defined as a crime punishable with death and has been found in English Law as far back as the twelfth-century. In the terms of homicide, felony has been entwined and defined as having malice aforethought or malice prepense. King Henry II’s justices expounded upon the word “felony” when the king made all felonies in his kingdom punishable by his court. “The felonies over which the royal justices had jurisdiction included, of course, homicide. Though felonious homicide soon came to be defined as slaying through malice (malitia, malitia precogitata), "malice" stood only for a threshold degree of mens rea, not for true malice aforethought. Within this category, then, as within the entire class of felony, the old distinction between botless and emendable acts disappeared. All felonious homicide was...

Find Another Essay On Early Cases in Homicide

Capital Punishment Essay

748 words - 3 pages sentence deters homicide. Adler and Summers (2007) argue that an increase in the number of death penalties leads to a corresponding decrease in the number of murder cases. In their article, they draw arguments from data retrieved from the FBI, which clearly illustrates the correlation between executions and resultant murder trends from 1979 to 2004. Their scientific analysis unmistakably reveals that each capital punishment is equivalent to a

Was the Murder of Julius Caesar Justifiable?

1146 words - 5 pages September 9th, 2007: Inmate Jerry Martin, a 37 year old white male steals a truck from a Huntsville parking lot. He drives it into a female correctional officer’s horse, ultimately ending in her falling to her death. An innocent woman, killed because of a man’s poor decision. Homicide is a felony widely regarded as one of, if not the, worst offences a human can commit. The act of ending a man or woman’s life, whether intentional, or

Process of a Homicide Case

1166 words - 5 pages arbitrate who instigated the eradication. Usually a homicide predicament starts with a report of a missing person or a discovered body. In unusual cases the first on the scene isn’t the one who makes the initial discovery of the body. It’s normally the dispatcher who just received the call, in which the call is recorded and they write down the time, date and the identical wording used. Because the original call might have been anonymously made

Criminal Responsibility and Homicide

1349 words - 5 pages grave. A 15 year order can be considered for any defendants over the age of 18 years where the offence is not as grave as in the other categories. Manslaughter can voluntary or involuntary. Voluntary manslaughter is an unlawful killing with malice aforethought but reduced to manslaughter by the Homicide Act 1957. In cases of Diminished responsibility under s2 of the Homicide Act 1957, Provocation under s3 of the

Gun Control And Violence In The United States

641 words - 3 pages neither strict gun control nor passage of a new law in some states necessarily affects the number of guns in the hands of citizens, since guns continue to be sold in neighbouring states in most cases. This is well illustrated by the limited variation in the prevalence of gun ownership across US regions: 29% of households in the east, 44% in the west, 46% in the midwest and 54% in the south.5 Therefore, changes in gun control policies at the state

Greek Justice: Trial and Punishment

1085 words - 4 pages punishments.Courts, Trials and PunishmentsThe early law courts could basically be divided into those that heard and tried homicide cases and those that tried lesser offences. The Middle, Greater, Red and Green courts judged less serious crimes.The most ancient homicide court was the Areopagus that tried only premeditated murders. This court got its name from the Ares hill in Athens, where the court was held. The court officials were ex-archons (magistrates) who

Crime against People

963 words - 4 pages . Other types of assault include: aggravated assault, weapons or increased force is used, sexual assault, which escalates to rape, and verbal assault, when words are used to hurt someone. Criminologists use crime typologies to understand the patterns that characterize criminal offenses. Criminal homicide can be considered lawful, in cases of self-defense, and illegal, in cases of murder. Rape is when someone is force into sexual intercourse

Juvenile Homicide Can Be Prevented

2365 words - 9 pages Introduction For every 12 homicides committed in the United States 1 of them involves a juvenile offender (Howard N. Snyder, Juvenile Offenders and Victims, 2006). Although most American don’t realize it, juvenile homicide is a problem in the United States that needs to be fixed. Even though statistics show that the homicide rate done by juveniles is at its lowest rate since the early 1980’s it is still a problem. Juvenile homicide has lowered

“Corporate criminal liability for manslaughter has finally been given statutory form and rightly so.” Discuss

4525 words - 18 pages relating to corporate manslaughter to be riddled with controversy. Despite the fact that academics and policy makers have increasingly clamoured for a major overhaul of this area of law, it has taken two Law Commission papers and a 'decade of wrangling, bartering, debate and delay', for corporate criminal liability to finally have been given statutory form in the Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act 2007. The first part of this essay

Homicide Rates and Prevention in Indianapolis

1254 words - 5 pages with detailed information about these unsolved crimes, in order to receive feedback from the public that might generate new leads in some of these unsolved cases (DPS UHI, 2008-2009). According to The Department of Public Safety Unsolved Homicide Indexes, majority of the 2008-2009 homicide victims were put to death by gunfire, while one victim was put to death by strangulation, one by assault and one by penetration of a knife. There also was an

Forensic Science

1486 words - 6 pages Forensic Science, also known as Forensics, is the application of science to law. It uses highly developed technology to uncover scientific evidence in a variety of fields. Modern forensic science has a broad range of applications. It is used in civil cases such as forgeries, fraud or negligence. The most common use of forensic science is to investigate criminal cases involving a victim, such as assault, robbery, kidnapping , rape, or

Similar Essays

How Important Was The Emergence Of Civil Society In Central And Eastern Europe In The Early 1980s For The Collapse Of Communist Regimes In 1989? Compare And Contrast The Polish And Romanian Cases

2967 words - 12 pages In 1989 a series of peaceful revolutions brought an end of the Soviet Union domination in communist states in Central and Eastern Europe. Dissidences, demonstration, protests, and the collapse of the communist regime led to the institution of democratic governments after four decades communist rule. These revolutions reveled both ubiquitous decay of the Soviet based communist system as a whole, but also how civil society developed a voice of

Victoria's New Defense To Homicide Laws

2033 words - 9 pages has the defence of self-defence and the new sentence of defensive homicide. A Current Defences in Victoria Following the introduction of the Crimes (Homicide) Act in 2005, which commenced on the 23 November of said year, Victoria’s defences for homicide were altered from common law to statute. This act introduced two new provisions into the Crimes Act; one for use in murder cases (s9AC) and the other for manslaughter cases (s9AE), in addition

Juveniles Who Kill Essay

1980 words - 8 pages of Investigation supplementary homicide reports, the murder rates peaked (over 2,600 homicide in the year of 1993 and 1994) in the early 1990s and then sharply dropped in the year of 1996 (under 2,000 cases) (Puzzannchera et al., 2013). Although the homicide rates increased again in 2005, it was not as serious as in 1993 and 1994. Since the year of 2009, the juvenile homicide rates have been decreasing each year (Puzzannchera et al., 2013). The

Fetal Homicide: Crime Or Accodent? Essay

919 words - 4 pages accident caused by a drug-impaired driver (Yetter). The most recent case is the double-murder case in California, in December 2002, in which a man is charged with the murder of his wife and their unborn child (Jennings). From California to Maine, every state has heard of or been involved in a fetal homicide case. These are just a few of the many cases that have brought heightened attention to the question of when fetuses should be recognized as