Early Italian Renaissance Art: Florentine Vs. Sienese Art

2306 words - 9 pages

During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, a transformation occurred in Italy with respect to society, economics, politics, and religion. One of the major factors that led to such a change was the shift from a farming culture to a culture of industry dominated by merchants. This led to an urban economy, the expansion of cities, and the alteration of government to accommodate the growing population. In addition, Christian sects such as the Franciscans and the Dominicans began to form, advocating new religious philosophies involving bringing faith to the masses. This combination of reform in the economy and in organized religion brought about an increase in the production of art. The creation of artworks became an esteemed industry, and artists gained more respect in the eyes of Italian citizens. Typically, most of the art that was produced was religious in nature, and was seen as a mechanism for visually representing faith in a more tangible manner. During this dynamic period, artistic styles began to change as well. A transition from medieval, Byzantine art to a more naturalistic, humanistic style occurred in Italy. This included an increase in drama and emotion in art and a revival of Classical forms and ideals, leading to the designation of the period as the "Renaissance," meaning rebirth.Two rival schools of painting, Siena and Florence, rose to the forefront of this transformation during the beginnings of the Renaissance. In his Lives of the Artists, Vasari denotes the main proponents of the movements in Siena and Florence to be Duccio di Buoninsegna and Giotto di Bondone, respectively. Vasari saw Duccio, called the "Father of the Sienese Renaissance" by many art historians, as an extremely talented artist who deserves much respect and consideration. He credits Duccio with initiating a new period in aesthetics characterized by a combination of the old style with new methods such as modeling with chiaroscuro, a greater degree of naturalism, more vivid colors, and a highly revered method of storytelling. Duccio made use of several Classical and Byzantine conventions, such as a shimmering gold background, but infused into that tradition his own new stylistic techniques. Vasari includes among Duccio's many accomplishments his work in the Duomo of Siena. He especially acclaims Duccio's "Coronation of Our Lady," which was previously located on the altar of the Duomo.Giotto rose to fame as the principle figure of the Florentine tradition, and his technical skill in the field of painting was recognized and praised by his contemporaries. Giotto also incorporated much humanism into his art, even painting a naturalistic landscape and background in many of his works. In comparison with his writings about Duccio, Vasari's excerpts regarding Giotto are substantially greater in length and filled with much more admiration, indicating his ties with the city of Florence. Vasari states that painters owe the same debt to Giotto as they do to nature, both of...

Find Another Essay On Early Italian Renaissance Art: Florentine vs. Sienese Art

Classical Roman Art Vs. Early Christian Art

1027 words - 4 pages Classical Roman Art Vs Early Christian There are many similarities and differences between Classical Roman and Early Christian Art. What particularly stands out to me is how much these two cultures have in common when it comes to their art and architecture. Romans were geniuses when it came to engineering and we can see that in the monuments they left behind. Many early Christian architectural styles and ideas were adopted straight from

Renaissance Art Essay

1927 words - 8 pages . Renaissance art first developed in Italy, where examples of Greek and Roman art were readily available (Italian 20). Italian sculptors led the Renaissance in the early 15th century. Three Florentines made crucial innovations: Filippo Brunelleschi developed linear perspective; Lorenzo Ghiberti became known for his bronze reliefs; and Donatello became renowned for his free styling statues (Italian 35). Donatello, who also worked in many

Renaissance Art

1371 words - 5 pages The Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the High Renaissance are only three ages individually but as a whole helped shape our modern philosophies and ideas of art and influenced generations of artists among them, Leonardo Da Vinci, Giovanni Bellini, and Giotto. Among there many works of art there stand out to me these three. Vitruvian Man 1492(Leonardo Da Vinci), Feast of the Gods (Giovanni Bellini), and Christus Rex (Giotto).The Late Gothic

Renaissance Art

569 words - 2 pages Renaissance Art The term renaissance, describing the period of European history from the early 14th to the late 16th century, is derived from the French word 'rebirth'. This period is described as the revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and an intensified concern with the secular life--interest in humanism and assertion of the importance of the individual. The renaissance period in art

Renaissance Art

542 words - 2 pages Renaissance Art It is agreed that the Renaissance was a period of great art and architectural feats and ingenuity, during which artists looked back to the classical art of Greece and Rome from which to draw inspiration. This influence can easily be seen in the many paintings and sculpture that came out of the Renaissance. However, the conservative nature of the period, the subject matter, and the restrictions imposed upon artists of that

Italian Art History

1203 words - 5 pages renaissance classicism. This meant sharp colors (Chiaroscuro), friezes and frescos. The subject matter came from classical history and mythology. The second wave of Neoclassic really hit when the Napoleonic Empire took power.The art work from the 1400's to the 1600's showed a drastic change after 1520 when Mannerism was brought about. After a while the Mannerist style was known to not be such a good thing. People saw the paintings as not classical and

The Renaissance in Art

948 words - 4 pages expected by society to be proficient in more than one profession such as literature, sculpture, architecture, and particularly art. One of the first major ideas that the Renaissance brought to Italy was its humanistic belief in society and religion that was popularly depicted through many of the paintings. For instance, Florentine Mosaccio, a vital figure in the early Renaissance art, portrayed society?s belief of religion through the style of

Renaissance Art Categories

711 words - 3 pages stood for several congregating factors, and made way for early renaissance art. 2. Fifteenth-century Italian Art Commonly known as early renaissance art, fifteenth-century Italian Art was known for its artistic unsuitable behavior in the republic of Florence between 1417 and 1494. Majority of the art developed during this period originated from Florence due to several aspects that art from this period grasped. Italian art dominated this scene

Art in renaissance

1850 words - 7 pages that this point appears along a plane (horizon line) which corresponds with the point of view of the observer. It used for the artist to make the manual for seeing the elements above the eye of the viewer tend downward (like roofs).Also using by architect to make drawing of building in renaissance. So many people describe about why perspective drawing was adopted to the Italian Renaissance in that time. The role of perspective in Renaissance art is

Renaissance Art Evaluation

1307 words - 5 pages blown back by the wind. There are three small children with angelic wings swirling above her with bows and arrows drawn. The right portion of the image shows a woman sitting on the back of a centaur. There are some other mythological creatures in Raffaello’s painting. Raffaello’s painting incorporates some characteristics of Renaissance art. An element that Raffaello features prominently in this painting is a love for classical themes. Raffaello’s

The Renaissance and Art

1424 words - 6 pages than Monet’s Champ d’ Avoine. Vasari believed in art that evoked tremendous emotion, and gained knowledge when someone looked at it, and I don’t think that Monet’s painting does that in any fashion due to the lack of a central focal point in the painting. In conclusion, even though the artist from the Renaissance period had a different style of creating great works of art. I think they would have found Claude Monet’s Champ d’ Avoine a piece of

Similar Essays

Early Renaissance Art Essay

893 words - 4 pages Running Head: Art205 Group Project PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Early Renaissance ArtAmerican Intercontinental UniversityAbstractThis group project will discuss three works of art from the Earlier Renaissance era. The works of art that will be discussed and critiqued are: The Lamentation over the Body of Christ by Giovanni Bellini, The Last Communion of Saint Jerome by Sandro Botticelli, and The Cestello Annuciation by Sandro Botticelli. The group

Themes Of Italian Renaissance Art Essay

854 words - 3 pages Athena, goddess of reason. Spreading outward on either side were groups corresponding to the separate schools of thought within the two major divisions (Barrett, 87).No matter what theme of the Italian Renaissance is named, there is always some example of a corresponding art manifestation of it. For humanism it was David, for naturalism it was Annunciation, for individualism, it was The Last Supper, for classicism, it was St. Peter's Basilica

Art Of The Italian Renaissance Essay

1464 words - 6 pages One of the greatest stories from the Italian Renaissance is the one of Fillipo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti. In 1401, the directors of the art of the Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral held a contest for artists; to create panels for a the doors on the east entrance (Kleiner, 560-2). Because the east doors faced the cathedral, the people thought it extremely prestigious to be able to participate in such a massive creation. After the first

Renaissance Ideas Portrayed In Italian Art.

525 words - 2 pages The Renaissance was a 'rebirth' or renewal of many of the classical ancient Greek and Roman beliefs. The Renaissance began in the city-states of Italy, the center of trade in Europe. Many wealthy merchants and bankers became patrons of the newly developing styles and ideals of Renaissance art. Many of the renewed classical Greek and Roman ideas such as humanism, individualism, secularism, and realism were expressed through the Italian art and