1) What are some of the important geographical characteristics of the Italian peninsula?
The Italian peninsula is surrounded on 3 sides by water. One the north side it is separated from continental Europe by the Alps. Currently the country of Italy resides upon it. One of the grittiest kingdoms of all time, Rome.
No known pre historical societies were known to have lived there. Many people speculate that many thousands of years ago, the Italian Peninsula was underwater, except on now mountain tops, which then were islands. Many people believe that there could have been island tribes located on the islands before historical records, but many are uncertain. The first know people to migrate there were the Latinos and Etruscan people (who fell with the rise of Rome in 509 BC).
The Romans had a very difficult time trading goods because of their location in the known world. They were one of the easternmost countries and, with many of their natural resources being the same as the Greeks, could not get a substantial amount of people to trade with.
They also had very few seaports. Because of the geographical location of the island, sea pots were hard to come by because of the jagged cliff faces around most of their beaches, much like the modern UK's beaches. Also ships had a hard time reaching the ports because of the hostile areas in which the water was low. Many nations considered dealing with the Romans to much of a hassle and a liability.
Some really good things about the Italian Peninsula are the fact that it is very fertile. Many things could be grown or produced there. Including cows, pigs, grapes, wheat and horses. Though wine was one of the most prominent crops in that region, horses breaded there were some of the best ever of that time. They were strong, musclier, and effect means of transporting people and good over a long distance quickly.
Another good quality about the Italian Peninsula was the alps. Because of its difficulty to get over, many civilizations did not want to take the time to climb over them ton invade Rome. Also many of their cities were on hilltops so it was extra hard for inverters to reach them, and the fact that they had so few ports were ships could land made navy warfare virtually ineffective against the Romans.
3) Who founded Rome in 509 BCE?
Romulus and Remus are twin brothers and central characters of Rome's foundation myth. Amulius, the brother's uncle, has them abandoned to die in the river Tiber. They are saved by a series of miraculous interventions: the river carries them to safety, a she-wolf named Lupa, finds and raises them as her own.
Later a shepherd and his wife find them and foster them to manhood, as simple shepherds. The twins, still not knowing of their true origins, prove to be natural leaders. Each acquires many followers. When they discover the truth of their birth, they kill Amulius. They then choose to found a new city.
Romulus wants to found the new city on the Palatine...