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Early Persecution In The Holocaust Essay

960 words - 4 pages

They were stripped of their political rights and taken from their homes and friends with limited to no warning and uncertain what was next to come. An abundance of people were forced to one of the thousands of concentrations camps where they were separated from their families and directed to either a labor camp, where many would suffer, or to a death camp, where were they would unfortunately be executed immediately. In 1933, Hitler finally was named Chancellor of Germany and began to organize what he called the “Final Solution” (Balson). He and his Nazi party believed Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and the mentally ill were violating racial purity in Europe and devised a way to slowly kill them off and remove them from Germany and the rest of the world (Balson). Many people know and understand the events occurring during the Holocaust, but they probably don’t realize there was a plethora of steps in setting up concentration camps, persecuting the targeted groups, and keeping Hitler’s and the Nazis’ intentions a secret.
Having such large authority, Hitler persuaded the SS, police, SA, and the local civilian consultants to design and produce the first of many concentration camps located near Munich (Vasham). This building was used as a model for the other remaining 15,000 sites. These locations were constructed to conceal Jews, Homosexuals, gypsies, and the mentally ill along with Communist, Socialist, German liberals, and anyone who was considered an enemy of the Reich (Vasham). In 1939 there were six main sites, Dachau, Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Flossenbeurg, Mauthausen, and, for women, Ravensreuck. Each of these places held circa 25,000 prisoners that were surrounded by filth and bounded by barb wire on fences. The labor camps were dark and dirty with bugs and rodents everywhere infesting who ever may have entered. Creating these concentration camps was the first step in accomplishing was what Hitler referred to as “The Final Solution” (Vasham). The next step was to arrest and transfer the Jews, and other targeted groups to these camps.
The Nazis began their first action on April 1, 1933. They began with boycotting all Jewish-run businesses then shortly started to exclude Jews from public life and activities including marriage with another Jew. Then on the night of November 9th, the Nazis announced a massacre against Jews living in Austria and Germany (Rosenberg). This violent act, called the “Night of Broken Glass”, involved burning of synagogues and books written by Jewish authors, destroying businesses, and directly attacking Jews (Rosenberg). That night approximately 30,000 Jews were captured and deported to one of the numerous concentration camps (Rosenberg). Once World War II began, Hitler ordered Jews to wear a yellow Star of David on the outside of their clothing so they could be easier to be recognized and arrested (Rosenberg). After they were captured, they were forced into what is known as a ghetto and remained in the small...

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