This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Early Railroads: The First Big Business

1605 words - 7 pages

Early Railroads

Railroads can be referred to as the first big business, and the first industry to develop management bureaucracy (Ogburn 39). Railroads were a vital part of early American history during the 1800s-1860. Railroads brought social, economic, and political change to the country (Stover 26). In the United States a turnpike era and then a canal era had immediately preceded the coming of the railroads, which proved to be fast, direct, and reliable in all weather. After 1830, the railroads grew so quickly that within a decade their mileage surpassed that of the canals (Hollingsworth 28). The development of Railroads was one of the most important phenomena of the Industrial Revolution.
Entrepreneurs realized the need for more ways to move resources and goods. A new form of transportation overtook both roads and canals: The Railroad. It has been said by many economic historians that railroads were “the most important single factor in promoting European economic progress in the 1830s and 1840s.” (Spielvogel 608) The railroad proved to be faster, more reliable, and cheaper than canals (Kennedy 313).
The earliest railroads in the United States were short wooden tramways connecting mines or quarries with nearby streams, which horses could draw heavier loads than on the common roads. At first the railroad faced strong opposition especially from canal backers, they were considered dangerous because flying sparks could set fires. Breaks were feeble and it was difficult to stop in the right place. To protect its investment in the Erie Canal, the carrying of freight on railroads was temporarily prohibited by New York Legislature (Kennedy 313).
George Stephenson, known as the “Father of Railways”, was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives. George Stephenson was a big influence on how railroads came to be. Richard Trevithick is credited with the first realistic design of the steam locomotive in 1804. He invented the first steam-powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in Southern Wales (Spielvogel 608).
Engines built by George Stephenson and his sons, Robert, were considered superior. Rocket, which was built by them, was used on the first public railway line which opened in 1830, extending 32 miles from Liverpool to Manchester. Rocket went 16 miles per hour (Spielvogel 609).
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the South Carolina Railroad both played major roles in early days of steam locomotion. The South Carolina Railroad was the first line to rely on steam power. It intended to connect interior points to coastal cities as a way to enhance port commerce. It opened in 1833 in the city of Hamburg, South Carolina, and it had the distinction of being the longest continuous railroad in the world at 136 miles (Ogburn 39). The Baltimore and Ohio railroad gets credit for beginning the first truly modern railroad. In 1830, the Baltimore and Ohio...

Find Another Essay On Early Railroads: The First Big Business

the Big Box Store vs the Small Business

1307 words - 6 pages “There is no such thing as fun for the whole family”; a quote which was used by Jerry Seinfeld The big box store industry has taken over the cities; hiring many employees to work in their stores. Depending from city to city, the employees that work in the big box store do not make enough for minimum wage, which would then send the economy into poverty. The big box stores are also knocking all the smaller business off of the streets, while the

Andrew Carnegie and the Rise of Big Business

795 words - 4 pages In Harold C. Livesay’s Andrew Carnegie and the rise of Big Business, Andrew Carnegie’s struggles and desires throughout his life are formed into different challenges of being the influential leader of the United States of America. The book also covers the belief of the American Dream in that people can climb up the ladder of society by hard work and the dream of becoming an influential citizen, just as Carnegie did. The biography begins

First Cash Crops in the Early American Economy - American History - Essay

548 words - 3 pages sugar, rice production became popular through slaves forced to teach their masters, becoming the next big crop to make money. Jamestown struggled to stay on their feet until tobacco was introduced. Tobacco was the first cash crop of the early colonial period. It was an easy and profitable crop that the settlers took advantage of. By the late 1670’s about 20 million pounds were shipped annually. Unfortunately for this overproduction, it dropped

The Big Box Store and how they are Putting the Smaller Business out of Business

731 words - 3 pages “There is no such thing as fun for the whole family”; a quote which was used by Jerry Seinfeld The big box store industry has taken over the cities; hiring many employees to work in their stores. Depending from city to city, the employees that work in the big box store do not make enough for minimum wage, which would then send the economy into poverty. The big box stores are also knocking all the smaller business off of the streets, while the

Enhanced Handling and Positioning in Early Infancy Advances Development Throughout the First Year

652 words - 3 pages The article Enhanced Handling and Positioning in Early Infancy Advances Development Throughout the First Year, by Michele A. Lobo and James C. Galloway explores the effects of advanced handling and positioning in infants. Twenty-eight families with infants born provided informed consent to be in the experiment. The infants had to be born full term, display typical development, and have no medical diagnoses. They were split into control and

Define propaganda and its uses in war during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries

2536 words - 10 pages below, define propaganda and its uses in war during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.Propaganda is a manipulative tool of persuasion used to bring people around to a certain manner of thought or opinion. Propaganda, is often underestimated in its power to decide or at the very least have a considerable impact on the fate of war, it can be used as a instrument to effectively sway the thoughts and ideas of an audience en masse.Propaganda

Is A Realist Understanding Of International Relations Still Applicable In The Early Twenty First Century?

1541 words - 6 pages PAGE 1 Essay 1Respond to any one title in no more than 1,500 words.Chosen Title:Is a realist understanding of international relations still applicable in the early twenty first century?In Politics we must act "as if all men are wicked and that they will always give rent to the malignity that is in their hands when opportunity offers" (Machiavelli: 1970 Book 1, Chapter 3) purporting that each state will do what it needs to do in order to

Andrew Carnegie and the Rise of Big Business by William Olsen

1130 words - 5 pages coincidence. Carnegie realized early on that railroads and steel were the industries of the future and made strives in the improvement of the industry itself. He used all technological advances to his advantage, even funding technological research himself. Without the hard work and business sense of Andrew Carnegie along with the entrepreneurs of the time, America would not have become the economic superpower that it is today.

'By the early 1930s there was every sign that Europe had recovered from the First World War.'

3003 words - 12 pages By the early 1930s there was every sign that Europe had not recovered from the effects of the First World War. This can be seen in strained diplomatic relationships between many countries within Europe and political turmoil within states brought about by multi-party politics, where no one main party could take control and so was reliant on coalitions of sometimes only very vaguely allied principle parties. The main exponents of diplomatic

Corporate Charities The Right and Wrong Ways for Big Business to Give Back to the Community

4462 words - 18 pages Corporate Charities The Right and Wrong Ways for Big Business to Give Back to the Community Introduction Why do people who have money feel inclined to give it away? Throughout history, reasons for philanthropy have ranged from guilt to concern for personal image, from religious principles to simple generosity. America is awash with corporate CEO’s who have so much money that they could never spend it in a lifetime. What is

Industrialization and the Rise of Big Business: America's Transformation into an Economic Superpower

2663 words - 11 pages business with its large-scale production and widespread markets, first bydeveloping the railroad industry and then by creating industrial corporations.These railroads were massive undertakings, they required millions of dollars incapital investment. This was more than could be provided by relatively small group ofwealthy men who invested in corporations at the turn of the century and the majority ofthe money was raised through the sales of stocks

Similar Essays

Big Business In The Gilded Age

1020 words - 4 pages The late 19th century and early 20th century, dubbed the Gilded Age by writer Mark Twain, was a time of great growth and change in every aspect of the United States, and even more so for big business. It was this age that gave birth to many of the important modern business practices we take for granted today, and those in charge of business at the time were considered revolutionaries, whether it was for the good of the people or the good of

Big Business And The Robber Barons

1481 words - 6 pages into one organization. This increased efficiency and by 1900 Carnegie was produced one-fourth of the nation’s steel. Cornelius Vanderbilt was a steamship and railroad tycoon. He made millions in the steamship business before turning to the promising railroad industry. He began to take capital from the steamship business to buy railroads, starting with the New York and Harlem Railroad in 1862. Vanderbilt eventually amassed over $100 million

The Importance Of Big Data To Business

900 words - 4 pages Why Big-Data is important Why is Data is important for a company? What are the effects? Competitive advantage: All companies obtain information on their customers or on their product. All these information may help a business to develop new strategies. They can also forge ahead by treating these big data. All companies have in their possession those information, so use it can be very useful. A company can identify for example their

Women In Early Colonial Australia: The First 100 Years

737 words - 3 pages In the first 100 years of colonial Australia women of all status and race were a marginalised segment of society; considered inferior to and for the use and support of men (Summers, 1975), (Dixon,1999). It is not surprising therefore that historical accounts of women’s activities between 1788 and the late 1800’s, whether white, black, convict, or free, are much less documented than those of men. The accounts that have been recorded, however