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Early Renaissance Art Essay

893 words - 4 pages

Running Head: Art205 Group Project PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1
Early Renaissance ArtAmerican Intercontinental UniversityAbstractThis group project will discuss three works of art from the Earlier Renaissance era. The works of art that will be discussed and critiqued are: The Lamentation over the Body of Christ by Giovanni Bellini, The Last Communion of Saint Jerome by Sandro Botticelli, and The Cestello Annuciation by Sandro Botticelli. The group will provide a brief history of the artist and critique each piece on materials used, style, meaning, symbolism, and other aesthetic issues.Early Renaissance ArtA brief history of the Artists. Sandro Botticelli's father was a tanner who apprenticed Sandro to a goldsmith after his schooling was finished. Since the artist preferred painting, his father placed him under Filippo Lippi, an admired Florentine master. Lippi taught Botticelli the techniques of panel painting and fresco and gave him an assured control of linear perspective. Botticelli, acquired from Lippi a repertory of types and compositions, certain graceful fancifulness costuming, linear sense of form, and a partiality to certain paler hues. Later on, Botticelli developed his own strong and resonant color schemes. By 1470, Botticelli was established in Florence as an independent master, he never married, and he lived with his family.Giovanni Bellini was a painter and draughtsman, and the son of Jacopo Bellini. He came from an Italian family of artists. By the 1480's he had become a leading master in all types of painting practiced in the 15th century Venice. He added new genres of mythological painting and secular allegory to his subjects. Giovanni showed an extraordinary capacity for absorbing a wide range of artistic influences from Venetian tradition to outside sources. Bellini oversaw a technical revolution in painting, involving the abandonment use of egg tempera for the technique of oil painting pioneered in the Netherlands.The Last Communion of Saint Jerome by Sandro Botticeilli. This is a painting in the classic Italian Renaissance style. It was painted in tempera (oil mixed with paint) and gold on a wooden panel. It is two-dimensional art. Botticeilli uses warm hues of color and uses light and dark creating a deep space behind the alter on the two dimensional surface. The date of the art is in the early 1490's and the dimensions are 13.5 x 10 in (34.3 x 25.4 cm). The artist uses an implied line, separating the Communion and the crucified Christ in God's arms. The symbols used in this painting are symbolic to the Christian faith, such as the altar, set in the middle of the painting, the Priest giving the wafer to Saint Jerome, as in the meaning of Communion, such as taking the bread as the flesh of Christ. Robes are symbolic to Christianity. The wings of the angels, Saint...

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