Early Roots of Policing: Sir Robert Peel's Twelve Principals of Policing
For over a century police departments in the United States and across the world have been following Sir Robert Peel's twelve principals of policing. Almost nothing or very little has changed since these principals were first implemented in England's "Scotland Yard". Many of these principals are behind today's investigating and policing practices.
THE POLICE MUST BE STABLE, EFFICIENT, AND ORGANIZED ALONG MILITARY LINES.
This is very true in today's police work. A police department has to be able to stand the test of time. By this I mean must be capable of enduring changes in government, and be able to react to any situation they may encounter. The department must also be efficient when handling a case or investigation, any wrong step and everything goes the wrong way. Also must be like in the military, follow chains of command and promote in rank
(Sergeant, Lieutenant, Captain, Major, etc. etc.).
2. THE POLICE MUST BE UNDER GOVERNMENT CONTROL
With this second principal the government oversees the police activities and intervenes whenever any guarantees given by the constitution of the United States have been violated by any form of local, state, and federal law enforcement. And also keeps a watchful eye on any one of these agencies who are doing so.
3. THE ABSENCE OF CRIME BEST PROVES THE EFFICIENCY OF POLICE.
This is a rule I really do not agree with. The fact that there is no crime is not entirely due to the police department. It is also due the growing number of neighborhood watch programs. These people are also due credit when crime either is non existent or down to the minimum in some parts of a city. It is also true that the sole presence of police force on the streets is a very powerful crime deterrent.
4. THE DISTRIBUTION OF CRIME NEWS IS VERY ESSENTIAL.
The use of crime bulletins and other type of news divestment is very crucial, especially if a crime has been committed. The sooner the news of a crime or wanted person(s) gets out, the greater the possibilities of bringing the case to a close, or to solving the crime. It is also very important that the police departments communicate with other agencies to share information about specific crimes, modes operandi, or any other important information that may be crucial in developing leads to solve a case or even find missing persons.
5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLICE STRENGTH BOTH OVER TIME AND BY AREAS IS ESSENTIAL.
It is without a doubt that any police department should grow to meet the needs of their constituents. In some cases the number of police officers should not exceed the number per capita of citizens, or this rule may back fire. By this I mean if the number of citizens in any given part of a city or county outweighs the number of allowed police officers, the officer may end up with a work load much greater than he or she can handle and therefore end up either transferring to...