Income and Population Age Structure
A) Relationship between per capita GNP and population growth
GNP is the value of all final goods and services produced in an
economy over a period of one year. Thus per capita GNP is the division
of value of goods and services available to each person in a country,
i.e. it is the per head income in a country. And population growth is
the rate, by which population grows in an economy.
From the above drawn diagrams it can be said that the higher the
population growth rate the lower the per capita GNP and vice versa.
This is due to the fact that if the population increases at a faster
rate the GNP will spread over a large number of people thus reducing
the value of the Gross National Product per head. Similarly if the
population grows at a slower rate the GNP is spread over fewer numbers
of people thus increasing the value of the Gross National Product per
To further illustrate this we can take into consideration countries
like Jordan which has a relatively high population growth rate of a
4.9 and a per capita GNP of only $1000 compared to The United States
which has a growth rate of 1 and a per capita GNP of $27000.
The frequency is greatest of countries having a population growth rate between 4 and 5; the frequency is also quite relatively high with countries having a population growth rate between 1 and 5. But after the point reaches the growth rate of 5 the
frequency of countries having a population greater than 5
B) The relationship between per capita GNP and the age structure of
C) Trends in population growth and population levels.
Trenn population growth rate and the Population can be illustrated
with the help of the above...