There were several topics to choose for this essay, but architectural earthquake-resistant design was best fitted for my Gaming/Animation degree for a few reasons. The first reason is I have had the privilege to take several art history classes that focused on architecture throughout the world. Secondly, I am learning how to use 3d modeling programs such as, Maya and Cinema 4d. To become successful with those programs, I have to learn about the interior as well as the exterior to make the models look real. Lastly, learning about earthquakes and architecture was intriguing because I am from Kansas City and I have not experienced an earthquake. The only prior knowledge I had of the behavior of architectures during an earthquake is what I have seen in pictures. Even then those pictures left me with a few questions like, why certain buildings reacted differently during an earthquake or what information the victims of the earthquake knew about the building or house.
There are many factors that affect the damages to a building during and after an earthquake, such as the ground beneath the building (fault line, landfills, bedrock) as well as different the types of building material (wood, steel, brick/masonry) and how it behaves during an earthquake. For example, the wood used for framing in smaller structures (i.e. houses), as well as the steel framing used in larger structures like skyscrapers.
We will begin by discussing the land that is underneath the structures and its reaction to the earthquake. According to National Geographic there are three types of ground, Fault-zones, Landfills, and Bedrock. Even though each of those ground shakes during an earthquake, the building itself reacts differently to the terrains.
Fault-zones are areas throughout the world that are near fault lines. National Geographic states that there are four types of faults lines: normal fault, reverse fault, strike-slip fault, and dip-slip fault. Normal faults are formed by the Earth’s crust stretching, which in-turn causes one side of the fault to slide down. Reverse faults are formed when plates collide and one slides above the other. Next, a strip-slip fault occurs when the plates meet and instead of one plate rising on top of the other, the plates slide horizontally against each other. Next is the dip-slip fault, which is a combination between the normal faults and the reverse faults and when these faults meet and one plate dips down while the slides horizontally. Since fault-zones are the areas where the earthquake initially occurs, these zones are the most dangerous. National Geographic’s Forces of Nature webpage talks about fault-zones, “Even if the ground barely moves, the movement is so violent that it can cause the building and windows to crack.” The reason that the vibrations are so intense is because earthquakes are strongest near the faults, so even if the magnitude of the earthquake is small, the initial impact of the earthquake is quite strong. During an...