Why was Thurgood Marshall Famous?
Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908, in Baltimore, MD. He was born to his Mother Norma Marshall and Father William Marshall. In his lifetime he was a civil Right Activist, Lawyer, Circuit Court Judge & Solicitor General, and a Supreme Justice. He died at the age 84 on January 24, 1993. He was married twice in his lifetime first to Vivien "Buster" Burey till her death in 1955 then to Cecilia Suyat till his death. He had two sons by his second wife Thurgood Marshall. Jr and John W. Marshall.
Thurgood Marshall attended Frederick Douglass High School and graduated with an above average in 1926. Three years later he got married to his first wife Vivian Burey in September 4, 1929 at the age of 21. He attended Lincoln University College in 1930. He graduated in 1933 with honors. After college he applied to university of Maryland law school, Even though he was over qualified academically he was still denied because of his race. He then applied to Howard Law School it’s a Historically Black school.
Once he graduated from law school, Marshall attempted to establish his own practice but wasn’t able because he had no experience and failed to receive any cases. Thurgood then began working for the Baltimore Branch of the National Association the advancement of colored people in 1934. In one of his first cases Marshall defended Donald Murray. He was denied acceptance into University Of Maryland Law. Marshall and Charles Houston won Murray v. Pearson in January 1935. Marshall biggest case as lawyer was the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
Thurgood was appointed director counsel for NAACP in 1939. In 1940 thurgood prepared his first Supreme Court brief the Chambers v. Florida the NAACP sought to overturn the conviction of the three accused black men for kill the white man in Florida. After five~days of nonstop grillin by Florida Police the tree confessed to the crime.
Four years later in 1944 he successfully argued the Smith v. Allwright and overthrown the South’s “white primary”. The Smith v. Allwright case was a lawsuit by black Texan Lonnie E. Smith because S.E. Allwright didn’t allow him to vote in the 1940 Texas primary election.
Thurgood received the highest award the Spingarn Medal. It received its name from chief Joel Spingarn. This award is appointed to the most highest or noblest achievement by a nigro.
The Brown v. Board of Education was Marshall greatest achievements as a civil-rights Lawyer. The lawsuit was because a group of black parents in Topeka, Kansas were forced their children to attend all black segregated schools. This was one of the most important cases of the 20th century. The Supreme Court’s unanimously ruled that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” On May 17, 1954. Racial segregation of public schools, violated the 14th Amendment. The court’s provided the legal foundation during the enforcement. The inspiration for the American Civil Rights Movement that...