East Asia is a region located in the Northeastern hemisphere of the world. It consists of the countries: China (population 1,338,100,000), Japan (127,400,000), North Korea (22,800,000), South Korea (48,900,000), Mongolia (2,800,000), Taiwan (23,200,000), China, Hong Kong SAR (7,000,000), China, Macau SAR (500,000) and China, Tibet (2,620,000). Its major cities are Beijing (China) Tokyo (Japan) Pyongyang (North Korea) Seoul (South Korea) Taipei (Taiwan) Shanghai (China) Kunming (China) Lhasa (China) and Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia).
East Asia has many tectonic plates inside of its boundary and surrounding it. In the region are the following plates: the Eurasian Plate, Philippine Plate, Yangtze Plate, Okhotsk Plate, the Amur Plate, Mariana Plate, and Okinawa Plate. East Asia has a humid subtropical climate. East Asia’s 5 major climate regions are semi-arid, arid, humid, subtropical, humid, continental, and highland. It is a tropical, but dry, climate that is perfect for growing crops. In the summer season, rain falls throughout the warm months, whenever it pleases. Monsoons, Tsunamis, and Pacific winds affect the climate.
East Asia is a historical area, and has many major physical features. Some of the most well-known features of the region are the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, the Yellow River, and The Great Wall of China. Each feature is unique and important to the way life is today in the region. The Three Gorges Dam is on the Yangtze River, which is 6,300 km long, in China, located by the town of Sandouping, located in the Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province. It is a hydro-electric dam that produces 10% of China’s power. After 2009, the dam reservoir will be filled with 185 meters of water. In 1990, electricity production in China was only 5%. When the dam is fully functional, its hydroelectric system will increase national energy output by 10%. The original estimated price of the dam was 20 billion yuan (6 billion US dollars).The total cost of the dam turned out to be around 200-240 billion yuan (about 25 billion US dollars). The Yellow River, or known as the Huang He, is located in Northern Central China, and is the second longest river in China, and the seventh in the world! The Yellow River basin’s area is 290,349 square miles, and the river is 5,463 km long. It is also the muddiest river in the world. Its population is 189 million people. It also has an average rainfall of 450 mm. The Yellow River has many hydroelectric power dams/stations, too. The Great Wall of China is the longest, manmade structure in the world, at 13,171 miles long. During its construction, the Great Wall was called “the longest cemetery on earth” because more than one million people died while building it. It took a very long time to build the wall, and even though it was made to protect Northern China, it failed to do so during constriction. Now, it is seen as a sign of peace and is now a famous tourist’s site.
Some of East Asia’s major physical features are...