East Coast Canadian Fisheries Essay

2448 words - 10 pages

The East Coast fishing industry is essential and vastly important to Atlantic Canadian society and the Canadian economy. This paper will examine the evolution, including the rise and fall of various aspects of the fishing industry and the different types of fishing within the Canadian fishing industry. It will also look at why the Canadian fisheries are struggling and examine the ways in which to save the industry.HISTORYFishing on the East Coast was started by the Canadian Aboriginals in Atlantic Canada who solely depended on the fish for their survival. Aboriginal fisherman in Canada fished for at least 11 000 years before the Europeans took over the industry. The aboriginals fished in many different locations and regions on Canada's east coast. This happened in part because Canada's Atlantic coastal geography ranges from place to place. It is rugged in Newfoundland and Labrador, while more south in the Gulf of St. Lawrence it is a beached landscape. The aboriginals fished for many different species of animals. There was a wide range of whale, porpoise, and seal species. The aboriginals fished the Atlantic walrus to near extinction. Today, only a few remain in specific places. Fish were hunted in freshwater as well as salt water, this is still the case today. Some freshwater fish that were fished by the aboriginals are brook trout, lake trout, whitefish, pickerel, pike and perch. The most hunted saltwater fish are gasper, salmon and striped bass.MODERN FISHING INDUSTRYThe modern Canadian fishing industry came into existence in the 1800's when Europeans settled in Canada. Fishing became important for not only food but for employment. Fishing in Canada became very prosperous, though in recent years the Fisheries on the East Coast have been struggling enormously. Recently, among other things, over fishing has caused the Eastern Canadian fishing industry to slow to near extinction. Since the early 1990's, a massive turn around has been in place, re -establishing the Canadian East Coast Fisheries. There used to be an unlimited quantity of fish, now it is very limited. Laws today govern fishing seasons and the type of fished that are legal to fish to. The fish are trying to be preserved. There is still a long ways to go until it is anywhere near it was before the East Coast fishing crisis. The Eastern Fisheries of Canada crisis how been going on for far too long with too little attention. The East Coast Canadian Fisheries are struggling and have come about for various reasons. The Industry has been on an up rise in recent years, improvement has come by way of sustained yield management and Canada's balance of trade exports and imports of fish. This has formed because of fish being a renewable resource. Fish replenish themselves and reproduce, which in turn makes for fish to always be re-circulating. For the Fisheries to be prosperous, Canada needs to export to more countries but, of course, they need the fish to be able to do this.EXPORTINGExports...

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