In 2010, eating disorders had a reported 7,000 deaths each year. Not only this, but 3%-5% of children under the age of 18 have an anxiety disorder. Also 15% of all bipolar disorder patients have committed suicide. Eating disorders, anxiety disorders, and bipolar disorders are all prevalent today throughout all ages. Even middle schoolers.
Eating disorders are abnormal eating habits that usually involve eating too little or too much food to the harmful point of both physical and mental health. Most commonly heard is anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is the extreme restriction of food to a point of extreme weight loss and self-starvation. This eating disorder has two subtypes. The binge/purge type and the restricting type. The restricting type is when someone will go to extreme lengths to keep from gaining weight, examples being starvation or over-exercise. The binge/purge type overeat and then proceed to get rid of that food by using some method of purging (getting rid of food through throwing up what has been eaten). Bulimia nervosa is purging or binge eating (taking in more food than normally eaten). Those with bulimia nervosa are usually at the normal weight for a person, and that is where the difference between bulimia nervosa and the binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa are. Those who suffer from the binge/purge type of anorexia nervosa are below the healthy body weight.
In the UK, an estimated of 5-10 million females are affected by eating disorders, and an estimated 1 million males are affected. Eating disorders are usually thought as affecting more of females, but an estimated 10-15% of males have eating disorders.
BDD, a disorder that alters the way someone sees themself, is a disorder many people with eating disorders suffer from. A few studies found that 15% of BDD (body dysmorphic disorder) patients had either bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa. Media also plays a big part into eating disorders, as images of a thin shape in celebrities and models sometimes make people attempt to become thin themselves. Media also disorts reality, making people look either naturally thin or unnaturally thin.
Environmental, biological, and psychological abnormalities are a few causes of eating disorders. Sociocultural, interpersonal and social issues are also causes. Prevalent heritable/genetic are a new idea for a cause of eating disorders. Genetic ties, such as a twin or close family member having anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, increase a persons chances of developing an eating disorder. Some eating disorders are even linked in with symptoms of starvation itself.
Previous disorders may increase the chances of developing an eating disorder, and childhood personality traits are tied in with eating disorders being developed (adolescence may intesnsify traits). The maladaptive levels (when abilities aren't allowed to adjust in certain situations) of a certain trait resulted of no oxygen/traumatic brain...