WHAT IS ANOREXIA NERVOSA?
According to Michel and Willard (2003), “... between 5 million and 10 million girls and women, and 1 million boys and men, have some type of eating disorder...” Anorexia nervosa, commonly known as anorexia, is one of the primary types of eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa becomes widely recognized as a psychological disorder in 1973 (Michel & Willard, 2003). Anorexia nervosa is when an individual reduces eating 15 percent or more below ideal body weight. Ciccarelli and White (2012) stated that individuals with anorexia have too much leptin, which is a hormone that implicated in obesity. Anorexia is a serious disorder involving intentional starvation, an obsession ...view middle of the document...
..Symptoms”). There are many warning signs of anorexia such as refusal to eat certain food, denial of hunger, anxiety concerning weight related issues, avoiding mealtimes, excessive exercising despite weather, illness, or injury, and withdrawal from social activities (“...Symptoms”). Anorexia “can become chronic, debilitating, and even life-threatening conditions” if not well treated (“Anorexia Nervosa: M.M.E.,” 2013). Being aware of the early symptoms and warning signs of anorexia will help treating individuals with anorexia.
There are many different types of treatments available for anorexia, but it varies with the severity of the case of anorexia that the individual is experiencing. First step for treating individuals with anorexia is helping them recognize that they have the illness. Most people with anorexia tend to deny their illness. The most effective treatment for anorexia is psychological counseling, which may last 2 to 4 months, as well as psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, and group therapy. The goal of therapy is to change thoughts or behaviors of individuals with anorexia by encouraging them to eat in healthier ways. Other treatments of anorexia may include increasing individual’s social activity, reducing the amount of physical activity, and using schedules for eating. Also medicines such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers may use to help treat depression or anxiety in anorexia patients. Health care providers usually involved in anorexia treatment programs are nurse practitioners, physicians, physician assistants, dietitians, and mental health care providers. They specialize in this type of disorder and know the best ways to prevent it or turn it around (“Anorexia Nervosa: Treatment”). The most important thing is that individuals with anorexia need to learn how to live a healthy lifestyle by seeking professional medical help.
When speaking upon the prevalent rate for anorexia, it is surprisingly high. Anorexia has the highest fatality rate of any mental illness (“Anorexia Nervosa: M.M.E.,” 2013). According to Ciccarelli and White (2012), “…only 40 to 60 percent of all individuals with anorexia who receive treatment make a recovery.” Individuals who are struggling with anorexia have 5 to 20 percent probability of dying, depending on the length of the condition (“Anorexia Nervosa: M.M.E.,” 2013). Signs and symptoms for anorexia start to...