Eating disorders are psychological problems marked by an obsession with food and weight. There are four general categories of eating disorders these are; Anorexia nervosa, Binge eating and Bulimia nervosa. However this disorder affects individuals of various age groups; it has become more popular among teenagers these days. For the purpose of this research plan the writer will focus on age group of ages 15 to 19 because teenagers most vulnerable to eating disorders fall into this age group. Moreover, in doing so it will also be possible to determine the significance of this research and apply it to today’s lifestyle. Anorexia is a medical condition in which youngsters, mainly during the onset of puberty, begin to starve themselves thinking they are overweight, even though they are not. They remain under this illusion and as a result of being cautious they become extremely thin, bordering on ill health or sometimes death. Eating disorder in teenagers has become an area of concern as it is a disease which is affecting the youth of today’s society. The purpose of this research is to identify the main cause of eating disorder in teenagers and help the young generation as they play a vital role for tomorrow’s future.
Causes of anorexia
The causes of anorexia are complex and no single factor has been identified. The actual cause of these disorder appear to result from many factors, including those that are genetic, media leading disorders, parental behaviours, psychological factors and negative family influence.
Parentlink (2008) describes anorexia as a disease where the individual person starves himself/herself even though he/she is hungry and is seen to be very thin. Furthermore he examines that observable key signs in teenagers suffering from eating disorders can be seen. It was found that “Anorexia, Bulimia and Binge eating are life threatening diseases.’’ (Voelker, 2008). These findings support the view that Anorexia Nervosa is known to be the third most common chronic illness for teenage girls in Australia after obesity and Asthma Beumont, (cited in Eating Disorder,2008).
Bulik et al. (2007) states that genetic trait responsible for heritability of anorexia ranges from 50% to 83% thus it is uncontrollable and these could cause some people to be vulnerable to developing anorexia. These findings support the fact that, if a teenage girls with biological mother or a sister with anorexia is at a higher risk of getting or inheriting the disease. It may also be that some teenagers have a genetic tendency towards perfectionism, sensitivity and perseverance, all traits associated with anorexia.
Consequently, Diconsiglio (2009) discovered that from 50-80 percent of suffers inherit a gene that makes them more likely to develop an eating disorder. “Emotional problems are not the root causes of these diseases; instead they spark it in children who already have the gene. He...