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Eating Disorders Essay

983 words - 4 pages

Eating Disorders are health conditions defined by insufficient or excessive food intake. They can have very negative effects on individual’s physical and mental health and include extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors towards weight and food. They can have life-threatening consequences for both males and females who suffer from a type of disorder. There are four specific types of eating disorders which all have different effects on the human body.
Anorexia Nervosa:
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder that causes you to be obsessed with losing weight, so much so that you starve yourself. It is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women and it has one of the highest death rates of any mental illness. 5-20% of people who suffer from anorexia will die. It can be a life- threatening disease when not treated correctly so it is important to notice the warning signs as well as the symptoms.
Warning Signs/Symptoms:
1. Dramatic weight loss.
2. Denial of hunger and constant excuses to avoid meals.
3. Excessive exercise, the need to burn off calories.
4. Anxiety about gaining weight.
5. Low self-esteem toward body image.
Anorexia can have a huge effect on your health. It can cause muscle loss and weakness, kidney failure, severe dehydration, hair loss and many other things. One main thing it can cause is heart failure due to low blood pressures and abnormally slow heart rates.
Bulimia Nervosa:
Bulimia Nervosa is a disease that causes you feel guilty about eating and as a result you use self-induced vomiting as a way to “get rid of the calories.” 80% of patients with bulimia are female and it affects 1-2% of adolescent and young adults. It can cause and also be the effects of depression and the risk of death from medical complications or suicide is greatly increased when affected by it.
Warning Signs/Symptoms:
1. Evidence of binge eating.
2. Swelling of the cheeks and jaw area.
3. Discoloration or staining of teeth.
4. A feeling of being out of control with binge eating.
5. Calluses on the back of the hands and knuckles.
6. Excessive exercise despite injury.
7. Evidence of purging behaviors.
Bulimia can be extremely dangerous to your body. It can cause heart failure from dehydration and loss of sodium as well as rupture of the esophagus from vomiting. It is a very harmful disease and it can cause death if not treated correctly. It can severely hurt your entire digestive system and it can cause major organ damage.
Binge Eating Disorder:
Bing Eating Disorder (BED) is a type of disorder that causes recurrent episodes of binge eating without taking counter measures to stop. It affects 1-5% of the population and 40% of those affected are male. It causes extreme guilt or shame from eating. It is commonly associated with obesity but it can affect many different people regardless of weight.
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