Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (Ebola Hf) Essay

1151 words - 5 pages

Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is a severe, and often fatal disease in humans and in primates that has accure irregularly since its discovery in 1976. The Ebola virus is named after a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa, where it was first discovered. The virus is one of two members of the family of RNA viruses called the Filvoridae. There are four types of the Ebola virus, but only three of the four, cause disease in humans: Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan and Ebola-Ivory Coast. The fourth, Ebola Reston, only causes disease in primates. The virus is a level four pathogen (witch is higher than aids) Viral hemorrhagic fevers are caused by viruses from four families: filoviruses, arena viruses, flaviviruses, and bunya viruses. The usual hosts for most of these viruses are rodents or arthropods (such as ticks and mosquitoes). In some cases, the natural host for the virus is not known. Confirmed cases of the virus have been reported in the Democratic Republic, Gabon, Sudan, the Ivory Coast, and Uganda. No case of the deseas has been reported in the United States. Some researchers became infected with the virus but never became ill.The manner in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak has not been determined, but researchers think that the first person becomes infected through contact with an infected animal. Symptoms of the Ebola virus begin four to sixteen days after the person has been infected. The incubation period for the Virus ranges from two to twenty one days. Within a week, a raised rash appears over the entire body; the rash is often Hemorrigic. Hemorrhaging generally occurs from the gastrointestinal tract, causing the patient to bleed from both the mouth and rectum. Beginning symptoms are headaches, breathing problems, fevers, red eyes, hiccups, chills, muscle aches, loss of appetite and shock. As the disease progress, patients experience diarrhea, rash, sore throat, vomiting, and abdominal and chest pain. The patients have little kidney and liver functions, and have internal and external bleeding. Their blood does not clot which can cause some serious problems, like causing the capillaries to bleed into surrounding tissue. Later symptoms are; eye inflammation, depression, increased sense of pain in the skin, and bleeding from the eyes, ears and nose. The death of a patient occurs. Diagnosing the Ebola virus in a person who has been infected only a few days is difficult because the early symptoms, such as red eyes and a skin rash are non-specific to the virus and are seen in other patients with diseases that occur much more frequently. But if the person has all of the symptoms, and infection with the Ebola virus, are suspected. Researchers don't understand why some people are able to recover from the virus and others are not. It is known that the patients who die usually have not developed a significant immune response to it at the time of death. The virus can easily spread...

Find Another Essay On Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF)

The Ebola Virus Essay

1210 words - 5 pages member of a family of RNA viruses know as filoviruses. Marburg virus and four Ebola viruses: Ebola Zaire, Sudan, Reston and Tai are the five different viruses that have been known to cause disease in humans, while Ebola Reston only causes disease within monkeys. Filoviruses are the viruses responsible for causing viral hemorrhagic fevers. All forms of virus of viral hemorrhagic fever begin with fever and muscle aches. Ebola Zaire attacks every

Effects Of Ebola Virus On Humans

834 words - 3 pages scientist believe that this virus is zoonotic (animal-borne). They also believe that the animal that carries it is native to the African continent. (www.cdc.gov 1) Symptoms There are many symptoms associated with the Ebola Virus. First of all it causes Hemorrhagic fever. This fever consists of a number of severe symptoms such as headaches, weakness muscle aches, vomiting abdominal pain, diarrhea, pharyngitis, conjunctivitis, bleeding from

Public Health Problems: Ebola Virus

1742 words - 7 pages Public Health Problem Ebola Virus comes from the known strain family virus called filo viruses, which are zoonotic pathogens. Symptoms include fever, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, throat pains, and muscle pains. These symptoms can start as early as 2 days to as late as 3 weeks after contracting the virus. This public health problem dates back to the 1970’s where the first three known outbreaks occurred in the Democratic Republic of the

Analysis of The Hot Zone by Robert Preston

844 words - 3 pages the virus. In October of l989, Macaque monkeys, housed in the unit in Reston, Virginia, began dying from a mysterious disease at an alarming rate. The monkeys, who were imported from the Philippines, were to be sold as laboratory animals. Twenty-nine of a shipment of one hundred monkeys died within a month. Dan Dalgard, the veterinarian who cared for the monkeys, feared they were dying from Simian Hemorrhagic Fever, a disease lethal to

Ebola One of the Most Deadly Diseases of the New Age

1463 words - 6 pages One of the most deadly diseases of the new age, basically has the same properties of a microwave and is able to liquefy the human body from the inside out. This disease is known as the Ebola hemorrhagic fever, also known as (EHF). EHF first was recorded in Sudan and Zaire in Africa. The initial recording of the virus infected 284 with a high mortality rate of 53%. The initial reservoir or transportation of the virus was not identified as the

The Black Death

1562 words - 7 pages caused by the bubonic plague is invalid in that rats are also killed by the bubonic plague. If a rat were carrying the plague, they would die off faster than they could spread the disease onward. This informs one that the Black Death was actually caused by an Ebola-like virus, instead of the bubonic plague, and the rats are not to blame at all (Paoli). An Ebola virus is an extremely contagious virus causing a usually fatal hemorrhagic fever and

Ebola Virus - information on the virus **School Essay**

526 words - 2 pages yellow fever which is considered to be very deadly. Ebola Reston never infected any human beings only monkeys. It broke out in a monkey house in Reston, Virginia. Marburg is the least virulent in the filorvirus family killing a mere 50% of it's victims. It first broke out in '50 in Marburg, Germany. Ebola Reston is the only strain of Ebola that has been proven to transmit through the air and it's been the only Ebola not fatal to humans only monkeys

Ebola Research

949 words - 4 pages Currently known as an incurable disease that can be used as a potential bioterrorism weapon, the Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) has a case fatality rate of up to 90% depending on the species of the Ebola Virus (EBOV). EBOV is an enveloped single-stranded negative-sense RNA virus belonging to the family Filoviridae [4]. The first outbreaks of EHF occurred in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan, they were caused by two species of

Ebola

1082 words - 4 pages sevenproteins(14) that belongs to afamily of viruses calledfilovirusus. The virus consists of a she ll of proteinssurrounding geneticmaterial. The virus attaches itself to a hostcell, and changes the chemicals makeup to fit its ownso that itcan reproduce(15). Ebola is a hemorrhagic virus that has a short incubationperiod ofabout two days to two weeks(16). It causes high fever,chills, internal and external bleeding,vomiting, the eyes turnred and the

Ebola, its transimission, symptoms, signs, treatment, history, research, etc

1319 words - 5 pages Ebola hemorrahagic fever is a 20 year old virus that, with a mortality rate of 50% to 90%, is one of the world's deadliest viruses. Its causative organism is called Ebola virus. Ebola virus is a member of filoviridae, a family of negative-strained RNA viruses. The filoviridae family consists of five known members, Marburg, Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Ebola Reston, and Ebola Tai.Ebola virus is spread in a number of ways. An outbreak starts when an

The Ebola Virus

1102 words - 4 pages The Ebola Haemorrahagic Fever, or Ebola for short, was first recognized as a virus in 1967. The first breakout that caused the Ebola virus to be recognized was in Zaire with 318 people infected and 280 killed. There are five subtypes of the Ebola virus, but only four of them affect humans. There are the Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan, Ebola-Ivory Coast and the Ebola-Bundibugyo. The fifth one, the Ebola-Reston, only affects nonhuman primates. The

Similar Essays

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Essay

1525 words - 6 pages Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is a severe, often-fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) that has appeared sporadically since its initial recognition in 1976. The disease is caused by infection with Ebola virus, named after a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) in Africa, where it was first recognized. The virus is one of two members of a

Ebola Virus Essay

1280 words - 6 pages Introduction Ebola hemorrhagic fever or Ebola HF is a dreadful and fatal disease in both humans and nonhuman primates, and is caused by an infection of the Ebola virus. Along with the Marburg virus it is a member of the family Filoviridae. The Filoviridae family is negative-sense, or negative-strand, RNA viruses. Along with three other families of negative ssRNA viruses, Filoviridae is set apart as being a family of viruses containing genomes

The Ebola Virus Essay

1194 words - 5 pages ). The Ebola virus has severe and disgusting symptoms. After the time it takes to take effect the Ebola virus starts out by showing symptoms like the flu. You develop a sore throat, fever, weakness, muscle pain, and headaches. As the virus progresses vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and limited kidney and liver function. After about 14 days of infection, bleeding becomes uncontrollable. Blood passes through eyes, lips, nose, ears, and skin. You also

Ebola Virus Infection Treatment & Management

1183 words - 5 pages “Scientists in Canada announced the successful treatment of Ebola viral infection in monkeys. The encouraging results were published in the journal Science Translational Medicine on June 13.” - www.healthmap.org Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a viral disease that was first recorded in 1976, when an outbreak occurred in Yambuku, Zaire, a country that was latter renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo (Walsh, Biek & Real, 2005). During the