This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ecofeminism Essay

5999 words - 24 pages


The first part of this essay will outline the main arguments of the feminist ecologists and deal with the concept of Ecofeminism. The second part will sketch the main arguments of Rosemary Radford Reuther book, "Gaia and God". The final part of this essay will analyze: Starhawk's The Spiral Dance, "Witchcraft as Goddess Religion", The Homeric Hymn to Demeter, and "the Descent of Inanna" and examine the pros and cons of the position that a return to goddess worship would save our planet.

Part One
Ecofeminism is a multicultural perspective on the interconnectedness of social systems of domination and the domination of non-human nature. It recognizes the cultural and political links between ecology and feminism. Ecofeminism is a value system, a social movement, and a practice. It criticizes the mainstream green movement and challenges the fundamental ideas of the western patriarchy about women, nature science, and "development".
Ecofeminism is an admixture of ecology and feminism. A French feminist, Francoise d'Eaubonne, first used it in 1974 (Mellor, 1997 p. 44). Ecological feminism focuses on gender as a category of analysis and the perspectives of women are integral to its analysis, it is committed to the importance of valuing and preserving ecosystems. The movement recognizes all social systems of domination: racism, classicism, ageism, and sexism as interconnecting.
The world's dominant socioeconomic and political structure is the western patriarchal capitalism. The system is based on hierarchies of class, race, and gender and the domination and exploitation of nature. It is insensitive to social concepts of justice, equity, and freedom. Economic, political, and social structures, the world's dominant ideologies, and values support patriarchy. The belief in a universal reasonable man, and the reliance on modern science and technology enable white middle class men to dominate and exploit "others".
Patriarchy is a system of social structures and practices in which men dominate, oppress, and exploit women. It is based on an ideology of men's superiority over women/nature. The subordination takes various forms: discrimination, disregard, insult, control, exploitation, oppression, and violence. Science and religion support patriarchal assumptions of male superiority over nature and women as biologically determined. In pre-patriarchal, pagan societies, women and nature were worshiped as life-givers. In Christian belief, God creates man in his image, and women and nature for the benefit of man. "Adam is Soul, Eve is Flesh".
Ecological feminists (Gaard, Heller) argue that culture defines the connection of women and nature. Men are as much part of nature as women are. However, the patriarchal culture identifies women with body, sex, irrationality, passivity, and earth. It is decided that women are closer to nature. Men identify with spirit, mind, action, and power; they are rational, stable, reliable,...

Find Another Essay On Ecofeminism

Perspective on Environmental Issues Essay

656 words - 3 pages When interacting with nature, mankind's actions directly impact the condition of the world we will pass on to future generations. Numerous perspectives have emerged, grouping people with like ideas together. Three prevalent approaches are ecofeminism, pluralism, and environmental pragmatism.Ecofeminists believe the domination of women is directly related to the domination of nature and the only way to bring nature into harmony is to "liberate

Female Struggles Essay

1573 words - 6 pages the author’s struggles with cancer, family, self discovery and nature. Except for cancer, these issues are issues that the ecofeminist deals with daily. The idea of Williams as an eco feminist may be disputable though one can say that her actions definitely show the ecofeminism. There are many examples where the ecofeminism is shown. An example of Williams’ ecofeminism and an indicator of the social construction of gender shows in many ways

Reduction of Natural Resources

1237 words - 5 pages frameworks and hence, my interest in obtaining knowledge about alternative energy uses to be used as a tool to help liberate others in places of need. The “catching up development myth” as explained by Maria Mies and Vandana Shiva in Ecofeminism, is the idea that underdeveloped countries (meaning, countries that do not equal or exceed the industrial capabilities of modernized counties like the U.S.), through modern technology, are given equal

PPP Final Exam

1023 words - 5 pages the earth, we must change our relationship with the earth from one of abuse to one of stewardship. There is also an emergence of the idea of eco-justice, which looks at the ecological crisis as a social injustice. “This perspective reflects a growing chorus of concern that social justice matters not be overlooked in the need to take the ecological crisis seriously” (Hetherington, Oct 25, 2013). Another idea that emerged is of ecofeminism, which

Who made nature our enemy?

892 words - 4 pages remember this in terms of the environment and our planet; it is all connected, and that if a negative thing such as Chernobyl happens to people on the other side of our planet, it will still affect us. It is a sad thought to think that we are destroying the very thing we love, and need to survive, our planet!Reference:Mies, Maria, Vanadana Shiva. Ecofeminism. New York: NY, 1993.

Should Committed Environmentalists Choose to Adopt a Vegan/Vegetarian Diet?

2213 words - 9 pages . 10, pp. 1-18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2006, Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options, United Nations, Rome. Gaard, G 1993, ‘Ecofeminism and Native American cultures: pushing the limits of cultural imperialism?’, in G Gaard (ed.), Ecofeminism: Women, animals, nature, Temple University Press, Philadelphia. George, KP 2000, Animal,vegetable, woman? Feminist critique of ethical vegetarianism

Feminist Criminology

1275 words - 5 pages Feminist criminology is the study of crime in terms of gender for example why men commit more crime than women, why women do more petty crimes, like shop lifting, than violent crime, sexism in the court system, and female victimization. Feminist criminology contains many branches. Liberal, radical, Marxist, and socialist feminism are widely recognized, although other "strands" exist such as postmodernism and ecofeminism. Most feminist

Controversial Views in Kate Chopin's The Awakening

1273 words - 5 pages first published and, conversely, it is no surprise that it is praised today. The Awakening allows the reader a glimpse at a different way of life, a way of life that definitely rebels from the normal standards of society. Works Cited and Consulted Chopin, Kate. The Awakening and Selected Short Stories of Kate Chopin. New York: Penguin Books, 1976. Klein, Sarah. "Kate Chopin's Ecofeminism: A Dialogue Between The Awakening & Contemporary

Gender and Information Technologies

1176 words - 5 pages positions (Wajcman, 2010). Thus this brings me to my hypothesis that Information and communication technologies breed a culture of misogyny. Within this research it is shown that women are largely excluded from the technical design processes that shape the world we live in. In Ecofeminism (1993) authors Vandana Shiva, Maria Mies Critique and Evan Bond, they view the dominant stream of modern science as a projection of Western men's values. The

PPP Final Exam

1036 words - 5 pages management and economic globalization views would say to reduce the amount of cod fishing so that the fish can repopulate. This repopulation would allow for the industry to continue fishing for cod without a shortage of fish. The third view is ecojustice which combines the ecological crisis to other forms of counter-oppression movements, like feminism. The ecofeminism movement would try to support women who are the first ones affected by the environment

Types Of Feminism

1019 words - 4 pages we encouraged everyone to be more kind and nurturing instead of competitive and aggressive. Cultural feminists would argue that the world would be better if we valued feminine qualities more.5- Eco-Feminism:connects the exploitation and domination of women with that of the environment; ecofeminism argues that there is a connection between women and nature that comes from their shared history of oppression by a patriarchal Western society. In

Similar Essays

Embodying Ecofeminism Essay

1541 words - 6 pages Embodying Ecofeminism I felt a little strange the first day I walked into our class, mostly because I was somewhat of an outsider in a group who seemed to know each other. I sat down and listened as class began. I found it hard to focus on what was being said. Words seemed to rise and fill the room without creating any form that I could recognize. I listened hard and tried to engage myself in the dialogue. Some of the other students seemed

Ecofeminism: The Feminism Of Ecology Essay

3126 words - 13 pages States: New Day Films. Riggio, R. E. (2011). Are You Empathic? 3 Types of Empathy and What They Mean. Cutting-Edge Leadership. Ruether, R. R. (1992). Gaia & God: An ecofeminist theology of earth healing. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco. Ruether, R. R. (2000). Ecofeminism: The Challenge to Theology. In D. T. Hessel & R. Ruether (Eds.), Christianity and Ecology: Seeking The Well-Being of Earth and Humans, 97-109. Cambridge, Massachusetts

Earth, Empathy, And Ecofeminism: A New Approach To Motivating Change

1219 words - 5 pages around the world, and then I will use the concept of empathy from the field of positive psychology as a means to motivate those most responsible for climate change, so as to alter their actions. For the ecofeminist-theology aspects of this project, I will focus on the work of Sallie McFague, while also using definitions and theories from other ecofeminist-theologians to fully develop an understanding and argument using ecofeminism. The concept of

Eco Feminism And Feminism In Prodigal Summer

1378 words - 6 pages Barbara Kingsolver is an active Eco-Feminist and likes to portray her ecofeminism in the books that she writes. One particular book that shows Ecofeminism is Prodigal Summer. Prodigal Summer portrays Ecofeminism by showing how feminist view nature, how Females can be farmers, and how each of the female characters have power over the male characters and end up helping them. In my opinion, all ecofeminism is a category under Feminism that