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Economia Venezolana Essay

1599 words - 7 pages

Economía actual Venezolana

Para comenzar a hablar sobre economía, es necesario tener al menos un concepto o una idea básica de lo que se está hablando, por lo que quizá se pregunta, ¿Qué es la economía? Explicándolo de una forma sencilla, la economía es el estudio de como las personas en cada país usan o administran sus propios recursos limitados buscando producir bienes y servicios para distribuirlos entre los miembros de la sociedad y que estos finalmente hagan consumo de este satisfaciendo sus necesidades. El fin principal es bosquejar de alguna manera un proyecto de “prosperidad” para los individuos y la sociedad.
La economía venezolana desde los principios se había basado en la ...view middle of the document...

30 bolívares por dólar a 6.30 bolívares por dólar, lo que corresponde a un 46,5% de diferencia. Para entonces el dólar paralelo criminalizado por el gobierno ya alcanzaba el precio de 68 bolívares por dólar, dejando el salario mínimo en aproximadamente 43.73 dólares, algo realmente deplorable.
Para finales de enero del 2014 las divisas comenzaron a venderse a dos precios diferentes, 6.30 bolívares por dólar para CADIVI, y se estrenaría un nuevo sistema bautizado como SICAD, un sistema que no sería muy exitoso y para parte de la población significaría devaluación inmediata, aunque el gobierno nunca lo vio de esta manera. Para la fecha el SICAD establecería el precio de 11.30 bolívares por dólar. Para el momento CADIVI entregaría divisas solo para casos de estudio, casos especiales, jubilaciones, salud, alimentación, entre otros. Mientras que el SICAD entregaría divisas para cupos viajeros, remesas familiares y líneas aéreas. Gran ejemplo de todas estas devaluaciones, es una frase que se ha hecho muy conocida a nivel popular: “El billete de mayor denominación en Venezuela no alcanza ni para comprar un cartón de huevos” haciendo referencia al billete de cien bolívares.
Actualmente, Venezuela atraviesa una gran crisis de escasez, aunque el gobierno diga lo contrario, es una situación imposible de esconder que se evidencia en la mayoría de los anaqueles de los diferentes supermercados del país, afectando con mayor grado a los estados del interior del país. El grado de escasez se ha agraviado hasta el punto que familias venezolanas carecen de la presencia en sus despensas de los productos más básicos, así como lo son la leche, el aceite, algunos

tipos de carnes, entre otros. Se han hecho frecuente un fenómeno poco visto, grandes colas de personas a las afueras de los supermercados con la esperanza de poder llegar a obtener aquel producto que necesita, como por ejemplo leche para los más niños del hogar, además, cabe destacar que no está garantizado que la compra sea exitosa, ya que en la mayoría de los casos, las personas en cola exceden en gran número a la cantidad de unidades de producto que dispone el vendedor.
Economistas atribuyen esta escasez al control de los precios establecidos sobre los productos, fijado por leyes propuestas por presidente Nicolás Maduro titulada como “Ley de precios justos” termino que para muchos no tiene sentido alguno. Esta ley establece el precio de venta de un producto por debajo al coste de producción, lo que por ende tiende a hacer que las productoras desmejoren la calidad de sus productos o que estos empiecen a “desaparecer”.

No bastando con tener el gran problema de escasez actual, se agrega la situación que la canasta básica alimentaria se establece extraoficialmente alrededor de los nueve mil bolívares, mientras que el salario mínimo según la Gaceta Oficial Nro. 40.327 de fecha 6 de enero del 2014, en el Decreto Nro. 725 se encuentra en 3.270,30 bolívares, esto indica que una canasta básica tiene el costo de...

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