Economic and Environmental Benefits of Global Organic Production
Although organic production as an entity is controversial, it is gaining momentum across the world in terms of sales. Organic foods have become more popular as people become more concerned about what it is they are consuming. This increased demand for organic products has lead to organic production on a global scale. With an increase in global organic production have come many benefits both economically and environmentally.
Organic agriculture's aim is, 'to augment ecological processes that foster plant nutrition yet conserve soil and water resources. Organic systems eliminate agrochemicals and reduce other external inputs to improve the environment and farm economics' (Pimental, et al). Organic production is not only beneficial to the population as a whole but to the small time farmers who are attempting to survive in a capitalist world. In the U.S., 'National Organic Standards Program prohibits the use of synthetic chemicals, genetically modified organisms, and sewage sludge in organically certified production' (Pimental, et al). These types of eliminations mean less costs and more environmental benefits. Organic production is a step towards self-sustainable farming.
As this movement spreads across the world, sales continue to climb with a higher demand for organic products. This demand creates a larger profit margin making it a logical move for small farmers to switch to organic production. ?Organic food sales total more than $7 billion per year and are growing at double-digit rates? (Pimental, et al). When farmers begin to think in terms of profit instead of yield, organic production becomes a viable move. Farmers benefit from this style of agriculture. As conventional farmers and conventional farming countries see this profiting enterprise by their organic farming neighbors, more farmers begin to turn to organic production ultimately increasing the benefits for the environment.
Benefits of organic production are numerous. In regards to economic concerns, farmers across the world are forced to pay large amounts of money for pesticides on a yearly basis. For instance, ?the estimated environmental and health care costs of pesticide use at recommended levels in the United States run about $12 billion every year? (Pimental, et al). This is just in the United States and organic production eliminates this sort of pesticide use. This means it?s saving the farmer money but it is also probably saving the consumer money by buying organic products because it cuts down on their health care costs. Also, economic costs come in the form of soil erosion for farmers and the world. Right now, ?the estimated annual costs of public and environmental health losses related to soil erosion exceed $45 billion? (Pimental, et al). Without even looking at the environmental gains, organic production is a good switch for farmers because of the economic benefits. Globally, this means that...