Education is an economic factor that has led towards the domestic violence towards women in India. “Domestic violence was defined as any reported violence, either physical or psychological, perpetrated by a husband against his wife.”(Jeyaseelan et al., 658) Wives were often beaten by their husband just because the wife was more educated than him and earns more money than her husband. However, when husbands had higher levels of education in India, wives had fewer chances of being abused. (Jeyaseelan et al., 663) A feminist would respond that education has a major impact on the violence against women because when a woman is more educated than her husband, the husband would abuse her to keep his wife under his control and power whereas when the husband is more knowledgeable, he would not prefer to abuse his wife since he knows that he has power and hegemony over his wife as she does not have as high levels of education as her husband.
Household factors such as less household appliances also contribute to the abuse to women in India. “Women who had no toilet facility within the home or had accessed to an outside toilet facility had two-fold risk of experiencing physical violence as compared to those who had toilets within their home.” (Jeyaseelan et al., 663) A feminist would explain that household appliances serve as a buffer to protect women against the violence as more household appliances means that the husband has higher levels of education, so the family has the necessary finance to serve a family. Therefore, household appliances reduce the risk of abuse towards the women in India.
Another economic factor that directed towards the violence against women in India is alcohol. Surveys done in rural, urban and urban-slum areas across several sites in India suggests that the risk of violence for the women whose husbands consumed alcohol and at the same time were less educated had eleven times more chances of being abused when compared with the husbands who had higher levels of education and did not consume alcohol. (Jeyaseelan et al., 663-664) It also suggested that women still had the risk of being abused even when the husbands did not consume alcohol since they had poor education levels. (Jeyaseelan et al., 665) A feminist would respond that all the economic factors are interconnected to each other as each of them directs towards the violence to women in India and the presence of any one economic factor increases the risk for the women to be violated by their husband. Therefore, in order to reduce the abuse completely, a woman needs to have a husband that does not consume alcohol, has high levels of education and the one that has enough finance to buy household appliances.
Identifying an abuse as an abuse is an economic factor that guided in the direction of the abuse to women in India. Surveys resulted that “Indian women may be unlikely to label abusive experiences as such; women have a more accurate perception of...