Economic Globalization And The Law In The Twenty First Century

7734 words - 31 pages

Economic Globalization and LawGlobalization and the development of new legal forms and regimes during the past half century have gone hand-in-hand. The term "globalization," and even its existence, are contested (cf. Robertson, 1992; Hirst and Thompson, 1996; Giddens, 1990; Sassen, 1996; T. L. Friedman, 1999). However, globalization is not new, it cannot be reduced merely to market integration, still less to the neoliberal political and economic project of free trade and open markets, and its ultimate destination is unknown, depending as much on politics and power as economics. Here, it is taken to mean "a process (or set of processes) which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations and transactions - assessed in terms of their extensity, intensity, velocity and impact - generating transcontinental or interregional flows and networks of activity, interaction, and the exercise of power" (Held, McGrew, Goldblatt, and Perraton, 1999: 16).Among the main shaping factors have been the tremendous growth of multinational companies and international production networks, new technology, changes in the nature and form of work, and the rise of new actors on the international scene. Associated with this transformation have been numerous legal changes, both on a transnational scale and within countries (Blomley, Delaney, and Ford, 2001). The early years of the twenty-first century witness a startling variety of new legal forms and regimes which sometimes differ substantially in nature, content, scale, and operation from the largely state-based system of governance of the past several centuries. A multiplicity of other sites of governance complement, supplement, or compete with the state, hence the term "governance" instead of "government." While sometimes eroded or even reconfigured, the state remains powerful, if not predominant, with the relative strength of different institutions, norms, and dispute resolution processes depending frequently on the specific context (Jayasuriya, 2001).While globalization thus raises a number of challenges for thinking about law (Arnaud, 1998; Twining, 2000; Delmas-Marty, 1998; Chemillier-Gendreau and Moulier Boutang, 2001), the sheer volume of published work makes a comprehensive survey impossible here. This chapter aims instead to provide a retrospective and prospective assessment of the field, a brief guide to the literature which at the same time seeks to set the agenda for the future. It deals mainly with the legal effects of economic globalization, while recognizing that globalization is not simply economic, and that many aspects of globalization have implications for law. It focuses primarily on work within the broad fields of sociology of law, international relations, and political economy of law, as these are the main disciplinary touchstones of writing on law and globalization, It focuses mainly on literature in English, partly because this represents most published work so far, since...

Find Another Essay On Economic Globalization and the Law in the Twenty-first Century

The Twenty-first Century Woman Essay

1168 words - 5 pages built for such pressures. But the twenty-first century women had something to prove. Until recently women were not allowed to be doctors (Stone 1). In the medical field women usually would not surpass being a nurse, and that itself was a hard position for a women to withhold. With the recent push from women to get out the house and into the work place there has been a slight change to the game plan. More and more women are pushing their minds a

The Twenty-First Century Distraction Essay

3413 words - 14 pages it? Because technology rapidly reinvents the world, changing people, culture, and society, individuals have been able to be more efficient and productive with their work time, therefore making time to engage in leisure-related activities. In the twenty-first century; however, technology is a “doubled-edged sword” slicing through once time-consuming tasks, but also distract people from responsibilities. One of the most profound negative

Violent Video Games in the Twenty-First Century: The Truth

1750 words - 7 pages that of the level of “Attila the Hun” (Cullen); video games as violent as Doom did not motivate this psychopath. Causes for teenage violence are profound and complex, sometimes delving into the rare mental case. In the twenty-first century, it is important to gather the facts and seek the truth amongst the fear and half-truths that are constantly being circulated. Violent video games, due to more substantial research have been deemed unworthy of

U.S. Automobile Manufacturing in the Twenty-First Century

1807 words - 7 pages The innovation of the automobiles had a significant social and economic impact on the United States. In the early 1900s, Henry Ford was well known for establishing the Ford Motor Company and five years after he launched his company, he introduced the first Model T (History.com, 2013). During this time, automobiles were considered luxuries, and 10,000 Model T automobiles were sold that year (History.com, 2013). In the 21st Century, automobiles

Criminal Identification Procedures in the Twenty-first Century

1394 words - 6 pages many numbers of things. One of the reasons it would discourage someone from being bad, or breaking the law again. While also letting the defendant know that we will always keep a close eye on things and that we are not that far away.Surveillance has new twits to it; two men have the ability to identify persons by the ear from surveillance videotapes. "What they hope to accomplish is the participants could individualize suspects by ear in a closed

Outline the development of the World Trade Organisation and critically evaluate its role in the twenty first century.

1261 words - 5 pages 2001 generated grave doubts as to whether the Conference would go ahead and the fact that it did in November was a major success.Many Member governments and WTO critics agreed that certain adjustments to the rules already in place were needed if the trading system was to better reflect the social, economic and political conditions of an ever changing world. At Doha, the WTO achieved something which many of its Members and critics had suggested it

Critically analyse the factors involved in the evolution of Twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria, Australia

2739 words - 11 pages Midwifery, being with woman however, the profession has been continouosly shaped by historical, social and political events. The following essay is a critical analysis of the factors involved in the evolution of twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria, Australia. In Australia until the early 19th century, midwives were the main carers during a woman's labouring until the intervention of medical dominance. Medical dominance and its oppression

Will China's Authoritarian Model Will Dominate the Twenty-first Century?

2594 words - 10 pages . Web. 09 Nov. 2013. . 2. Halper, Stefan A. The Beijing Consensus: How China's Authoritarian Model Will Dominate the Twenty-first Century. New York: Basic, 2010. Print. 3. Friedberg, Aaron L. A Contest for Supremacy: China, America, and the Struggle for Mastery in Asia. New York: Norton &, 2011. Print 4. Friedman, Edward. "How Economic Superpower China Could Transform Africa

Cloning in Twenty-first Century Medicine

3342 words - 13 pages Cloning in Twenty-first Century Medicine In 1997 a shocking announcement was made to the world. Scottish scientist Dr. Ian Wilmont revealed that he had successfully cloned an entire sheep. This announcement brought a realization that cloning was no longer a dream or a figment of the imagination, and it immediately became one of the most debatable topics in the world. Discussions began concerning the ethical problems as well as the

Child Health in Twenty-First Century Britian

2620 words - 10 pages The purpose of this essay is to discuss three different factors which have an influence on child health in 21st century Britain, these are: legislation, poverty and parents and guardians. Furthermore going onto evaluate strategies that are in place which promote health and well-being of young children. Finally to consider how the growing emphasis on outdoor physical play, is managed safely by ROSPA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents

Is A Realist Understanding Of International Relations Still Applicable In The Early Twenty First Century?

1541 words - 6 pages PAGE 1 Essay 1Respond to any one title in no more than 1,500 words.Chosen Title:Is a realist understanding of international relations still applicable in the early twenty first century?In Politics we must act "as if all men are wicked and that they will always give rent to the malignity that is in their hands when opportunity offers" (Machiavelli: 1970 Book 1, Chapter 3) purporting that each state will do what it needs to do in order to

Similar Essays

Consumer Culture In The Twenty First Century

1350 words - 5 pages has changed from the 1950s to the twenty first century. In the 1950's the wealthy upper class people were the ones who had the luxury items and they could flaunt what they had. But if you were a middle class person who had luxury items you had to be very subtle about it. If you flaunted what you had you were frowned upon by other people in society because luxury items were lightly tainted with shame. In the 21st century it is completely the

Racism In The Twenty First Century Essay

1040 words - 4 pages Rim Mekonnen Racism in the Twenty-First Century 1. Throughout the history of the United States, whites dominated society by making laws that limited the power of minorities such as Hispanics, African Americans, and Asian Americans. For hundreds of years, whites controlled minorities using laws and mind games to make sure these minorities never rose to threaten their control. In the 1950s and 60s, Congress passed laws to protect the civil

Systems Thinking In The Twenty First Century

2688 words - 11 pages Systems thinking is an important factor in solving global problems. The twentieth-century has witnessed the development of a systems paradigm and different spheres of systems knowledge. However, further development of systems thinking necessitates overcoming the contradictions between different schools and unifying them into a single systems conception. With this in mind, systems problems are examined in light of the theory of knowledge. It is

Communication In The Twenty First Century Essay

1694 words - 7 pages to the democratic ideals upon which this nation was founded. In fact information is so important to this democracy that the Bill of Rights begins with the axiom of a free press. In countless countries throughout the world where fledgling democracies have attempted to flourish, those that would suppress freedom of speech, attack newspaper offices first because it is the intrepid newspaper reporters and editors who bring the news to the people. Now