Economics During the Years of Hitler
Adolf Hitler became leader of the Nazi Party in 1921; throughout the
passing years he made various attempts to overthrow the Government. He
became Chancellor in 1933 and his main aims included tackling
depression and restoring full employment in Germany. Another key
ambition Hitler had was to prepare Germany for a next possible war.
Hitler took position as Chancellor in Germany in 1933, just after the
Great Depression between 1929, when the Wall Street Crash hit
America’s stock market, until 1932. Therefore he took over at a time
when Germany looked economically weak, bitter and still blaming
America and Europe for their financial problems. The reparations
system had faltered due to the Wall Street Crash and America could no
longer provide the loans. Hitler knew he was under a lot of pressure
to make successful changes within Germany, although he also knew
German people were in a vulnerable position and in search of an answer
to their problems; to gain support Hitler had to tell them what they
wanted to hear.
From they changes to the economy Hitler decided to make there were
several segments of German people that benefited or lost out. In some
cases different areas would benefit as well as lose out from Hitler’s
seize of power on the economical front. Hitler was keen to encourage
the existence and continuity of the pure Aryan race. As a result the
Jewish side of Germany were eliminated as Hitler tried to push them
out of the public sector. Not only did he push them out of their
current jobs he didn’t register them on the unemployment list either.
This action disadvantaged the Jews, but for Hitler it meant less
people that he was responsible for, which made his task of improving
unemployment seem easier. It wasn’t the Nazi Party who initiated
Anti-Semitism, for centuries Christians had persecuted the Jewish
Religion and it’s followers. Hitler was influenced by the work of
Charles Darwin who had a theory that, in a society or environment, the
stronger races would dominate but the weaker races would struggle to
survive. The Jewish community lost out by Hitler’s rule as SA members
were instructed to terrorise individual Jews, damage Synogogs and
boycott their businesses.
Another group of Germans that lost out due to the rise and success of
the Nazi’s was the Communists. As Nazi opposition, Hitler was eager to
promote them negatively, for example the Reich Stag Fire in 1933, as a
consequence the Communists were banned and made illegal. As well as
showing how the Communists were discriminated against, it also
demonstrates how Hitler abused Article 48 to gain power.
Married women also partly lost out due to the repercussions of
Hitler’s changes. The wife of the couple was required to give up her
job, which would reduce her independence...