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Ecuador Amazonian Deforestation Essay

1098 words - 5 pages

The Amazon is a vast region spanning across Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (Walker, & Cesareo 2014). Possessing the most developed rainforest of anywhere in the world, over two-thirds of all the fresh water and 20% of the earth’s oxygen are produced in the Amazons (wcupa.edu). Despite the vital role of the Amazons, the rapid deforestation continues to affect the ecosystem. (Mainville, et al, 2006). The main causes of deforestation include unsustainable logging, agriculture, invasive species, fire, fuel wood gathering, and livestock grazing. The widespread of this issue has become an important consideration in global policy processes ...view middle of the document...

org). This destruction occurring in the Ecuador Amazonian is increasing Soil erosion and forest fragmentation (Walker, & Cesareo 2014). “Soil erosion is a natural process in which wind and water remove soil. The removal of the soil roughly occurs at the same rate soil is formed. But 'accelerated' soil erosion, is a far more recent problem. The result is mankind's unwise actions, such as overgrazing or unsuitable cultivation practices” (Collins, 2001). Recent studies link deforestation to the accelerating soil erosion process and to the leaching of naturally occurring mercury (Mainville, et al., 2006). The acceleration of soil erosion then leads to land infertility affecting local and worldwide (Pimentel, et al. 1995). Forest fragmentation is another hazard of deforestation. According to the EPA, the fragmentation process breaks up large parts of forest into smaller pieces. Continuous fragmentation may accelerate global warming by releasing carbon stored in trees (Wade, T., 2003) The Ecuador Amazonian native communities are experiencing the environmental impacts in their flora and fauna as well as risks to their health. Infectious disease dynamics are being altered in animals and humans, strongly affecting cross-species infection rates (Pongsiri, et al 2009). Biodiversity loss may increase species into atypical ecological interactions, which facilitate transmission. Diseases such as Lyme disease, Malaria, and Yellow Fever Possibly can be associated with deforestation (Wilcox & Ellis, 2006). In the Napo region Amazons natives are suffering from malaria even though it was considered eliminated by the 1970’s. The reemerged of Malaria is largely the result of the intrusion into the tropical forest by oil companies, and the uncontrolled colonization in the country (San Sebastian, et al. 2000). The Amazon Indians continue to loose their land, health and wealth to deforestation, which comes from multi-billion dollar companies seeking expantion and economical growth. It is unfair and unjust for the Amazon Indians to be left with no home, to die of infectious disease, to erase and destroy their legacy and their culture. They continue to be stripped away from what little they have left, for they have been exploited and invaded since colonial times. Many are the places where we can find examples of what the Amazon Indians had to face and are facing in regard to the destruction of their land and communities. Despite not an exact story of the Amazon Indian’s the movie...

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