Edgar Allan PoeThis article is about the American writer. For a relative, see Edgar Allan Poe (Maryland attorney general). For other uses, see Edgar Allan Poe (disambiguation).
Edgar Allan Poe
1849 "Annie" daguerreotype of Poe
Edgar Poe January 19, 1809 Boston, Massachusetts, United States
October 7, 1849 (aged 40) Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 - October 7, 1849) was an American author, poet, editor, and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story, and is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.Born in Boston, he was the second child of two actors. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus orphaned, the child was taken in by John and Frances Allan, of Richmond, Virginia. Although they never formally adopted him, Poe was with them well into young adulthood. Tension developed later as John Allan and Edgar repeatedly clashed over debts, including those incurred by gambling, and the cost of secondary education for the young man. Poe attended the University of Virginiafor one semester but left due to lack of money. Poe quarreled with Allan over the funds for his education and enlisted in the Army in...